Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 36

aspectos de la estructura de la industria, la estructura de
control y las funciones del mercado como el despacho, que
son todos elementos de coordinación. Cada diagrama consta
de cuadros para las clases de entidad relevantes (derivadas
de la definición de estructura de la industria) conectadas por
líneas de flujo de coordinación operativa (distintas del flujo

de energía eléctrica física). Un análisis más completo de las
arquitecturas implicaría identificar los elementos estructurales en detalle, realizar una evaluación comparativa y llevar a cabo un análisis riguroso del riesgo operativo de cada
estructura. El flujo de coordinación puede ser unidireccional
o bidireccional, según la naturaleza de la relación. Los flujos

Transmisión

Operador del
Sistema

Generación de
servicios públicos
a gran escala

Sistema de
transmisión

Generación
de PEI

Almacenamiento de
energía a gran escala

Distribución

Operaciones
de distribución

Clientes

PEI FED

Sistema de
distribución

FED del
Cliente/Microrred

Almacenamiento de
distribución/microrredes

Uso del
Cliente

FED del
Cliente/Microrred

Agregador

gráfico 1. Un ejemplo de un diagrama de la estructura de coordinación. El uso del cliente (carga indiferente) se muestra
a pesar de que, en realidad, no está coordinado, excepto por la respuesta a la demanda (parte de las FED). PEI: productor
de energía independiente.

GRT total

GRT híbrido

GRD total

El GRT optimiza todo el sistema
de energía en el sistema de
distribución, incluida la
Coordinación de suministro de
todos los servicios y programas
de la FED.

El GRT optimiza el sistema de
energía a gran escala, incluido el
suministro de todos los servicios
de FED mayoristas, pero no tiene
visibilidad en el sistema de
distribución.

El GRT optimiza todo el sistema
de energía. El GRT ve un solo
agregado o un recurso virtual en
cada interfaz T-D, que gestiona
el GRD.

El GRD es responsable de las
operaciones confiables de la red
de distribución y de brindar
visibilidad de la red de
distribución al GRT.

El GRD optimiza el sistema de
distribución, incluido el suministro
de todos los servicios de
distribución de la FED y se
coordina con el GRT en todos
los suministros de la FED.

El GRD es responsable de la
coordinación física y la agregación
de todos los servicios de la FED
en un solo recurso en la interfaz
T-D y en el mercado mayorista.

El cliente/agregador se coordina
con el GRT; no existe interfaz
operativa con el GRD.

El cliente/agregador se coordina
con el GRT y el GRD.

El cliente/agregador se coordina
con el GRD; no existe interfaz
operativa con el GRT.

gráfico 2. El espectro de modelos conceptuales de coordinación de TDC.
36

ieee power & energy magazine

septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 4
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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