Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 39

BPS". La lista de actividades del grupo de trabajo incluye las
siguientes acciones relacionadas con la coordinación de la
transmisión y distribución:
✔ desarrollar lineamientos detallados que se relacionan
con el intercambio de información y la recopilación
de datos recomendados para que la información necesaria fluya de manera eficaz a través de la interfaz
T-D para soportar las necesidades de confiabilidad de
los BPS.
✔ desarrollar prácticas recomendadas y orientación para
evaluar el rendimiento del BPS en penetraciones crecientes de FED agregadas.
✔ brindar orientación para el monitoreo a nivel de distribución para mejorar el modelado dinámico y de estado estacionario de las FED agregadas, incluido el
uso de medidores inteligentes, grabadores de perturbaciones dinámicas, unidades de medición de fasores
y otros dispositivos de grabación.
✔ proporcionar recomendaciones técnicas para la adopción y uso del Estándar 1547-2018 del IEEE.
✔ proporcionar lineamientos, informes técnicos, guías
de cumplimiento, etc., en apoyo de los estándares de
confiabilidad del NERC que abordan los requisitos de
interconexión.
Las actividades del SPIDERWG son coherentes con los
hallazgos del informe del CIGRE, lo que indica claramente
que se necesita mucho trabajo para abordar innumerables
problemas relacionados con la integración y utilización
de FED a gran escala. Aunque estos informes no abordan
todos los problemas de coordinación de TDC, ilustran la
importancia de llevar a cabo una evaluación exhaustiva para
determinar los cambios físicos, cibernéticos y estructurales
necesarios. Esto debe hacerse como parte de una evaluación
holística de la arquitectura de red.

Esfuerzos internacionales
Muchas regiones y países han comenzado a evaluar los cambios estructurales necesarios para integrar las FED a escala
y utilizar sus capacidades de exportación de energía y servicios de red. Los siguientes ejemplos se han extraído de una
revisión exhaustiva de los esfuerzos internacionales de coordinación de TDC llevados a cabo por autores y colegas en
Australia, la Unión Europea, Japón, PJM, el Reino Unido, y
California y Nueva York en los Estados Unidos. La siguiente
revisión comparativa destaca las ideas seleccionadas.

Reino Unido
El Proyecto de Redes Abiertas del Reino Unido es un proceso de múltiples partes interesadas para identificar y evaluar posibles arquitecturas futuras de coordinación de TDC
para su implementación. El punto de partida del Reino Unido
es la arquitectura que se muestra en el gráfico 4, que está
cerca de un modelo GRT total.
Entre los cinco modelos futuros identificados, los dos
enfoques que se muestran en el gráfico 5 ilustran las consideraciones arquitectónicas que deben abordarse y reflejan
las discusiones estructurales en curso en otros lugares para
especificar los roles y responsabilidades de los GRT, GRD, y
FED del agregador/cliente.
El futuro 1 del Reino Unido [gráfico 5 (a)] está cerca de
un modelo GRD total con una coordinación operativa que
fluye enteramente a través del GRD hacia el GRT. Por consiguiente, el modelo exhibe varias características arquitectónicas deseadas descritas en la tabla 1, incluida la optimización estratificada, y minimiza los problemas no deseados
con la omisión de niveles o el acoplamiento oculto, excepto
por la forma en que se gestionan los recursos de flexibilidad del GRD. La disposición para conectar las FED a través
de un proveedor de FED y luego un agregador para llegar

GRT

Operador del mercado de energía

OT
OD
Proveedor/
Agregador
Abastecedor de FED

FED

Agregador independiente

Proveedor de FED
FED

No existe
enlace
formal en la
actualidad

Generación a
gran escala
flexible y FED

Entidades de servicio de carga

Clientes

FED

gráfico 4. La actual estructura de coordinación del Reino Unido.
septiembre/octubre 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

39



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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