Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 40

de roles que requerirán coordinación adicional para llevarse
a cabo. El futuro 2 degrada parcialmente la estructura de
optimización estratificada y permite pasar por alto algunos niveles, aunque el intercambio de funciones propuesto
(adquisición conjunta y suministro) puede evitar que esto
sea un problema.
El efecto de la estructura del futuro 2 es aumentar el acoplamiento entre el GRT y el GRD, sin estar oculto en este
caso, ya que el GRD no puede gestionar solo las FED en su
área de servicio mientras se interconecta al GRT de forma
modular. La disposición conjunta resulta en una complejidad
de flujo de datos que involucra al GRD, el GRT, los agregadores, los clientes y las FED. Este es el resultado de la
estructura que se muestra en el
gráfico 5(b) con el óvalo rojo que
resalta la adquisición conjunta y el
Mercados de energía
suministro, que se produce debido
a la definición de roles conjuntos
en lugar de una clara separación
Recursos de
de funciones.
flexibilidad

al GRD introduce la posibilidad de algunos problemas de
latencia en cascada no deseados. Debido a la estratificación y
el uso del enfoque del GRD total, la escalabilidad es buena,
mientras que la vulnerabilidad cibernética del sistema energético a gran escala debido a la conectividad de las FED es
relativamente pequeña.
En el futuro 2 del Reino Unido [gráfico 5 (b)], el GRD y
el GRT comparten la responsabilidad de la coordinación de
la FED, lo que lleva a un acuerdo más complicado que involucra a estas partes y a los agregadores en particular, porque
el mecanismo de intercambio no es claro en la actualidad.
Esta estructura se decanta por un modelo del GRD total,
pero el acuerdo de intercambio resulta en una combinación

GRT

OT
Recursos de
flexibilidad del OT

Entidades de servicio de carga
GRD

OD
Agregador

Recursos
flexibles
del DNO

Abastecedor de FED

Sistema de energía
local

FED

Clientes

(a)
GRT

Mercados de energía

OT

Recursos de
flexibilidad

Recursos de
flexibilidad del OT

Entidades de servicio de carga

GRD
OD
Agregador

Recursos
flexibles
del DNOtt
Sistema de energía
local

Adquisición
y suministro
conjuntos

Abastecedor de FED
FED

Clientes
(b)

gráfico 5. Dos de las cinco arquitecturas GRT-GRD futuras del Reino Unido: (a) el
futuro 1 propuesto por el Reino Unido (coordenadas GRD) y (b) el futuro 2 propuesto por el Reino Unido (adquisición y suministro conjuntos).
40

ieee power & energy magazine

Australia
En Australia, se ha estado discutiendo la coordinación de TDC
como parte de la iniciativa de
Transformación de Redes Eléctricas, un esfuerzo conjunto de
Redes de Energía de Australia (una
organización de GRD) y CSIRO
(el laboratorio nacional de ciencia
e innovación), durante los últimos tres años. Un enfoque clave
se encontraba en los medios para
coordinar las FED dado el gran
crecimiento en su adopción en los
últimos años. La Hoja de Ruta de
Transformación de la Red Eléctrica publicada en abril de 2017
analiza los problemas en la arquitectura de red que se abordarán.
Siguiendo esta hoja de ruta,
el Operador Australiano de Mercados Energéticos (AEMO, por
sus siglas en inglés) y Energy
Networks Australia (ENA) publicaron el Documento de Consulta
de Redes de Energía Abiertas
(junio de 2018) para desarrollar
"un enfoque coordinado que facilite la integración de las FED, al
considerar tanto las restricciones
de transmisión como las de distribución, [que] brindará los mejores
resultados para los clientes". El
artículo de AEMO-ENA ilustra el
septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 4
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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