Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 51

exportadoras y la capacidad de desconectar los sistemas cuando sea necesario.
Hawaiian Electric Companies aspira a esta arquitectura de
control en dos partes utilizando métodos de control primarios para gestionar las operaciones normales y los controles
de respaldo para la confiabilidad del sistema. Esta estrategia
de control será la más rentable para clientes y agregadores.

La red como plataforma
La red que necesita Hawái se basa en el concepto de una
plataforma que permite la integración de FED de clientes y
la utilización de FED como recursos del sistema. Hawaiian
Electric Companies está aplicando el concepto de una plataforma central como lo describe el Departamento de Energía
de los Estados Unidos (DOE, por sus siglas en inglés) en el
proyecto DSPx:
La plataforma se relaciona con la estructura de la red
física y cibernética donde ciertos componentes per-

manecen estables formando la plataforma central,
mientras que otros módulos complementarios se integran con el tiempo a través de interfaces operativas
entre sí. Esta modularización de un sistema complejo
como es la red de distribución permite que las funciones evolucionen gradualmente según las necesidades,
de acuerdo con la arquitectura general. Por ejemplo,
la infraestructura física de cables y transformadores
comprende parte de la plataforma, pero otros componentes, como la detección y la comunicación operativa, también deben considerarse como núcleo en una
red moderna.
Como señaló la Comisión de Servicios Públicos de
Hawái, este tipo de plataforma necesariamente involucrará
tecnologías con diferentes ciclos de vida, ya que se integran
más componentes digitales y de software con los sistemas
tradicionales. Es probable que las interfaces con los clientes
y los sistemas FED, como los inversores y agregadores, sean

Recursos a escala de
la red

Almacenamiento de
batería

MDMS
DRMS
GIS

Sistema de
gestión de
edificios
Termostato
inteligente

Estación de
carga de VE

Medidor
inteligente
Inversor
inteligente

Inversor

Aparato
inteligente

Análisis de
datos
Centro de
operaciones de DMS
de HECO
Firewall

EMS

Router
inalámbrico
Indicador
Monitoreo y automatización
de falla
de la subestación de
Interruptor
distribución
inteligente
Sensor de
línea
Almacenamiento
de batería
Controlador de Var

Aparato
inteligente
Almacenamiento
de batería

OMS
mejorado

VE

Parque solar
barrial

Cargador de
batería de
VE

gráfico 4. La futura red de distribución de Hawaiian Electric Companies. DRMS: sistema de gestión de RD; EMS: sistema
de gestión energética; MDMS: sistema de gestión de datos del medidor; VE: vehículo eléctrico.
septiembre/octubre 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

51



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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