Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 61

Responsabilidad
del cliente

Responsabilidad de la
distribución

Responsabilidad del
sistema a gran escala

ejemplos incluyen los esquemas
de tarifas, como ser los cargos
por capacidad de la demanda,
ISO/RTO
que proporcionan un incentivo
para mantenerse por debajo de un
límite de energía, y programas de
tiempo de uso que cambian el precio de la energía dependiendo de
cuándo se consume. Los sistemas
Gestor
de redes
con precios minoristas dinámicos
de distribución
más allá de los horarios fijos son
poco frecuentes, pero el interés en
la programación de tasa variable
se encuentra en aumento.
Subestación
Subestación
Las siguientes son observaciode
de
nes sobre las características de
distribución
distribución
interoperabilidad para los agregadores de FED:
✔ La mayoría de los programas se utilizan principalmente para la gestión de la
capacidad pico y los serAlmacenamiento de la
vicios de red de reserva en
distribución
funcionamiento, pero cada
jurisdicción define los servicios de manera diferente.
Instalaciones
Edificios flexibles
La falta de estandarización
Solares comunitarias
en los sistemas del mercado
requiere que los agregadores
Nodo de coordinación
Bus de comunicación
personalicen su tecnología.
Conexión de comunicación
Conexión eléctrica
✔ Los agregadores tienden a
usar plataformas de control
y comunicación registradas gráfico 4. La vista de arquitectura de servicios públicos, con coordinación de
para regir directamente so- descomposición estratificada (véase Taft en "Lecturas complementarias").
bre las FED. Trabajan con el
sistema de gestión de instalaciones de un cliente para regular el equipo local o controlan el equipo FED directaEquipos FED
mente a través de su propia tecnología. Esto hace que las
ESI
Función de
interfaces con el agregador de instalaciones FED sean
Instalaciones
Parte que
gestión de
FED
interactúa
dependientes y dificulta el cambio entre proveedores.
instalaciones
✔ Desde la perspectiva del marco arquitectónico, existe
Responsabilidad interna
poca coordinación entre los agregadores tercerizados
Responsabilidad externa
que trabajan en los mercados mayoristas y los gestores
de redes de distribución. Los problemas en la opera- gráfico 5. Los componentes de FED y la integración de la red.
tiva del sistema surgen a medida que estos programas
escalan a grandes niveles de penetración dentro de un
de FED funcionan internamente sin requisitos de cibersealimentador de distribución.
También existen problemas de ciberseguridad en los ni- guridad. Las normas y políticas existentes relacionadas con
veles organizativo, informativo y técnico. La mayoría de las la ciberseguridad podrían ser útiles para abordar problemas
instalaciones de FED funcionan sin requisitos de ciberse- de comunicación segura. Sin embargo, la aplicación de estos
guridad, aunque la adopción de estándares está mejorando. estándares sigue siendo específica para el proyecto, ya que
Incluso en California, donde el California Independent Sys- cada empresa desarrolla sus propias políticas. Se puede hatem Operator (ISO) ha establecido requisitos de cibersegu- cer mucho más para desarrollar y difundir las mejores prácridad para los proveedores de FED, las especificaciones se ticas y crear más puntos en común que puedan beneficiar a
detienen en el nivel del agregador ya que las instalaciones todas las organizaciones.
septiembre/octubre 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

61



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 4
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 5
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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