Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 66

Aquellos que trabajan para alcanzar objetivos comerciales y de políticas dentro de los ecosistemas que generalmente
se forman para promover las implementaciones tecnológicas
obtienen un progreso real para abordar la interoperabilidad.
El desarrollo de estándares y material de prueba relacionado
a menudo se realiza con un análisis de requisitos basado en
las necesidades de los mercados para implementar tecnologías. El proceso puede ser oportunista, relativamente estrecho y algo ad hoc. Una metodología de hoja de ruta (por
ejemplo, el proceso de desarrollar un plan de acción de alto
nivel) orientado a la participación de los interesados puede
proporcionar una perspectiva y dirección para mejorar la
interoperabilidad. El gráfico 7 muestra una metodología de
desarrollo de hoja de ruta para la interoperabilidad. Este proceso ha sido diseñado para hacer énfasis en la participación
de los interesados, con un principio rector que establece que
una vez que los participantes lleguen a un consenso sobre los
objetivos y resultados compartidos, sus relaciones pueden
ayudar a apoyar la implementación del plan y aumentar la
probabilidad de que lo ejecuten con éxito. La herramienta
IMM se utiliza durante todo el proceso de desarrollo para
guiar e informar a los socios de la hoja de ruta a través de
las complejas dimensiones de la interconexión en tanto buscan comprender el estado de la interoperabilidad, articular
las brechas y los desafíos, expresar los niveles deseados de
madurez y formular un conjunto priorizado de acciones para
alcanzar sus objetivos.

Resumen
Promover la interoperabilidad requiere previsión y trabajo
inicial en temas complicados, como aclarar la estructura
arquitectónica del sistema, los cuales son cruciales para
identificar los puntos de interfaz y abordar los requisitos de
escalabilidad. Las normas y guías de apoyo deben considerar enfoques que permitan que el sistema eléctrico evolucione. Los mecanismos de integración deben ser capaces de
ajustarse a los objetivos del sistema y las soluciones tecnológicas que cambiarán con el tiempo. Subyacente a cada sistema interoperable se encuentra el arduo trabajo de muchas
personas, generalmente agrupadas en partes específicas del
sistema eléctrico, así como las oportunidades comerciales y
la experiencia tecnológica (ecosistemas). Proporcionar una
visión para la futura integración de dispositivos y sistemas
puede crear conciencia en los ecosistemas y dirigir a las
partes hacia una dirección común. Con herramientas para
medir el estado de interoperabilidad y una metodología para
evaluar y priorizar las brechas y los desafíos, las partes interesadas pueden crear mapas de ruta que conduzcan a enfoques generalmente aplicados que trasciendan los entornos
individuales y aprovechen las tácticas comunes para apoyar
implementaciones exitosas.

Lecturas complementarias
S.E. Widergren et al., "Interoperability strategic vision"
(Visión estratégica de la interoperabilidad), Grid Mod. Lab.
66

ieee power & energy magazine

Consort., Washington, D.C., White Paper, 2018. [En línea].
Disponible: https://gridmod.labworks.org/sites/default/files/
resources/InteropStrategicVisionPaper2018-03-29.pdf
GridWise Architecture Council, "GridWise interoperability context-setting framework" (Marco de configuración del contexto de interoperabilidad GridWise), GridWise
Architecture Council. Richland, WA, 2008. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www.gridwiseac.org/pdfs/interopframework_
v1_1.pdf
National Institute of Standards and Technology, "NIST
framework and roadmap for smart grid interoperability standards, Release 3.0" (Marco NIST y mapa de ruta para estándares de interoperabilidad de la red inteligente, Edición 3.0),
Departamento de Comercio de los EE. UU., Washington,
D.C., Rep. 1108r3, 2014. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www
.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/smartgrid/NIST-SP1108r3.pdf
J.D. Taft, "Architectural basis for highly distributed transactive power grids: Frameworks, networks, and grid codes"
(Base arquitectónica para las redes e energía con transacciones altamente distribuidas: marcos, redes y códigos de red),
Pacific Northwest Nat. Lab., Richland, WA, Rep. PNNL25480, 2016. [En línea]. Disponible: https://gridarchitecture
.pnnl.gov/media/advanced/Architectural%20Basis%20
for %20H ig h ly%20D ist r ibut e d%20 Tr a nsact ive%20
Power%20Grids_final.pdf
D. Narang et al., "Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium gap analysis for distributed energy resource interconnection and interoperability standards and test procedures" (Análisis de la brecha del Grid Modernization
Laboratory Consortium para estándares y procedimientos
de prueba de interconexión e interoperabilidad de las fuentes
de energía distribuida), Departamento de Energía de los EE.
UU., Washington, D.C.
ICF, "Standards and interoperability in electric distribution systems" (Estándares e interoperabilidad en sistemas de distribución eléctrica), Departamento de Energía
de los EE. UU.. Washington, D.C., 2016. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2017/01/f34
/Standards%20and%20Interoperability%20in%20Electric%20Distribution%20Systems.pdf

Biografías
Steve Widergren pertenece al Pacific Northwest National
Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
Ron Melton pertenece al Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
Aditya Khandekar pertenece al Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California.
Bruce Nordman pertenece al Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California.
Mark Knight pertenece a Burns and McDonnell, Kansas
City, Missouri.
p&e

septiembre/octubre 2019


https://gridmod.labworks.org/sites/default/files/resources/InteropStrategicVisionPaper2018-03-29.pdf https://gridmod.labworks.org/sites/default/files/resources/InteropStrategicVisionPaper2018-03-29.pdf https://gridmod.labworks.org/sites/default/files/resources/InteropStrategicVisionPaper2018-03-29.pdf https://gridmod.labworks.org/sites/default/files/resources/InteropStrategicVisionPaper2018-03-29.pdf https://www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/smartgrid/NIST-SP-1108r3.pdf https://www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/smartgrid/NIST-SP-1108r3.pdf https://gridarchitecture.pnnl.gov/media/advanced/Architectural%20Basis%20for%20Highly%20Distributed%20Transactive%20Power%20Grids_final.pdf https://gridarchitecture.pnnl.gov/media/advanced/Architectural%20Basis%20for%20Highly%20Distributed%20Transactive%20Power%20Grids_final.pdf https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2017/01/f34/Standards%20and%20Interoperability%20in%20Electric%20Distribution%20Systems.pdf https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2017/01/f34/Standards%20and%20Interoperability%20in%20Electric%20Distribution%20Systems.pdf

Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
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