Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 72

En las instalaciones de un prosumidor, el software que coordina
los dispositivos debe ejecutarse en una plataforma de software
integrada,que conecta el medidor inteligente, los dispositivos y
los controladores de FED.
✔ la plataforma de software debe ofrecer una escalabi-

lidad fácil y robusta, mientras que conserva un bajo
esfuerzo de mantenimiento.

al gestor de red de transmisión (GRT). La flexibilidad de ori-
gen se comercializa en uno o más mercados para los servicios
auxiliares del sistema, energía, o capacidad.

Suministro del agregador

Líderes energéticos

El siguiente paso es el sistema de suministro del agregador.
El agregador es responsable de cumplir un acuerdo con los
propietarios de los dispositivos flexibles (los prosumido-
res) que le permite operar en nombre de los propietarios o
influir en su funcionamiento. Para lograr esto, el agregador
necesita una tecnología de agregación, es decir, un sistema
de planta de energía virtual que realice el envío colectivo
deseado a través de la comunicación entre máquinas con
los dispositivos flexibles. Debido a que el agregador es una
parte comercial, existe libertad de elección respecto de la
forma en que se lleva a cabo la agregación técnica del grupo
de activos flexibles.

Para los LE, la arquitectura de red inteligente mencionada
anteriormente se implementó en una parte del municipio
de Heerhugowaard y se desarrolló en dos fases. La primera
fase (EFR-I), iniciada a principios de 2013, se centró en
desarrollar una infraestructura local "conectada" y comer-
cializar las cargas flexibles para los propósitos del mercado
mayorista, para los cuales un BRP estaba involucrado. En
la segunda fase (EFR-II, diciembre de 2017 - diciembre de
2018), el enfoque principal fue comprender e integrar las
operaciones del mercado local respecto de la gestión de con-
gestión para el GRD, basado en estándares y protocolos de
código abierto.
Durante EFR-I, se desarrolló una infraestructura física
para el proyecto. En el transcurso del proyecto, más de 200
residentes estuvieron involucrados y distribuidos en varios
puntos de congestión virtuales. Los puntos de congestión se
consideran virtuales porque la red local real no tenía obstá-
culos físicos respecto de los problemas de congestión. Todos
los residentes estaban equipados con paneles solares (una
generación promedio de 6.7 kWh/día), 55 residentes estaban
equipados con un interruptor fotovoltaico (FV) (interruptores
de relé ZigBee) que permitía la restricción remota, 22 resi-
dentes estaban suministrados con una bomba de calor y 17
residentes estaban dotados con una caldera eléctrica. Durante
EFR-II, se agregaron 11 sistemas de baterías residenciales.

Interacciones entre agregadores,
GRD y vendedores mayoristas
La parte superior de la pila consiste en un mecanismo de
coordinación de mercado, que define un modelo de interac-
ción para el comercio de flexibilidad energética entre las par-
tes del mercado mayorista, el GRD y los prosumidores. El
agregador de energía juega un papel central, es decir, forma el
vínculo entre los usuarios finales y otras partes. El agregador
obtiene flexibilidad de múltiples prosumidores y lo vende en
forma agregada al GRD o al sujeto de liquidación responsa-
ble del balance (BRP, por sus siglas en inglés). En este último
caso, la flexibilidad se comercializa al mercado mayorista o

Agregador
dEF-Pi
Sistema
GRD

Previsión
Mercado y acoplamiento
USEF
del mercado

Lógica
central
PowerMatcher

Protocolo
Power
Matcher

Aplicación
PowerMatcher
(AEC)

Impulsor
del
dispositivo
EFI

Device
Dispositivo

gráfico 3. La implementación de la pila de arquitectura de extremo a extremo. El Marco Universal de Energía Inteligente
(USEF) define las interacciones de mercado entre mayoristas, el GRD y el agregador. PowerMatcher se utiliza como un
mecanismo de suministro de agregación por el agregador, la plataforma de control dEF-Pi en las instalaciones y la puerta
de enlace. La EFI oculta el software impulsor específico del dispositivo de los restantes mecanismos. dEF-Pi es la plataforma de control en las instalaciones y la puerta de enlace.
72

ieee power & energy magazine

septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 4
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 5
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 6
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 7
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 8
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 9
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 10
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 11
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 12
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 13
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 14
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 15
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 16
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 17
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 18
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 19
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 20
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 21
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 22
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 23
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 24
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 25
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 26
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 27
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 28
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 29
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 30
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 31
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 32
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 33
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 34
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 35
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 36
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 37
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 38
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 39
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 40
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 41
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 42
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 43
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 44
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 45
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 46
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 47
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 48
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 49
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 50
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 51
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 52
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 53
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 54
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 55
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 56
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 57
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 58
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 59
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 60
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 61
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 62
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 63
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 64
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 65
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 66
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 67
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 68
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 69
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 70
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 71
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 72
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 73
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 74
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 75
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 76
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 77
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 78
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 79
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 80
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 81
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 82
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 83
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 84
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 85
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 86
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 87
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 88
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 89
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 90
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 91
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 92
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 93
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 94
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 95
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 96
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 97
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 98
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 99
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 100
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 101
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 102
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 103
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 104
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 105
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 106
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 107
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 108
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 109
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 110
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 111
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 112
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 113
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0304_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0102_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com