Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 75

Flexibilidad

Contrato de
servicios de
flexibilidad

Agregador
Contrato de
servicios de flexibilidad

Contrato de
servicios auxiliares

BRP

GRT

Trato de comercio
de energía

Mercado
eléctrico

SSA

Contrato de
compra de
flexibilidad

GRD

Acuerdo
BR

Contrato de Contrato de
compra
suministro
de energía de energía

Proveedor

Contrato de compra
de energía
Productor

Contrato de
conexión

Prosumidor

Contrato de
servicios
auxiliares
(optativo)

ESCo

Suministro

gráfico 6. El modelo de interacción de USEF. (Fuente: Fundación USEF; utilizado con permiso.) ESCo: empresa de servicios energéticos.

Finalmente, el mecanismo de coordinación de mercado lo
proporciona el USEF, que es desarrollado y mantenido por
la Fundación USEF, un consorcio de la industria. El USEF
se basa en el modelo de roles de ENTSO-E y en un estándar
propuesto para el comercio de flexibilidad energética entre
los BRP, GRT, GRD y prosumidores. El modelo de roles de
USEF se centra en el rol de agregador y define las interac-
ciones entre las partes involucradas. Consulte "Roles en el
Sistema Eléctrico Europeo" para obtener una explicación de
los diferentes roles, que difieren de aquellos en otras partes
del mundo. El gráfico 6 representa el modelo de interacción
de USEF. Las flechas azules muestran las interacciones exis-
tentes actuales, es decir, sin flexibilidad comercial. Las fle-
chas rojas integran las interacciones de flexibilidad comer-
cial con el modelo actual de mercado energético a nivel de
transmisión, según lo propuesto por el USEF.
Durante EFR-II, el GRD desarrolló una estrategia para
la gestión de congestión y tableros para obtener flexibilidad
a través del agregador. Como se mencionó anteriormente,
no hubo un obstáculo físico en la infraestructura de la red
local; por lo tanto, se crearon puntos de congestión virtua-
les. La contratación del GRD se basó en las predicciones
del agregador y, durante el año, las fronteras de congestión
se desplazaron y ampliaron para explorar la dinámica del
septiembre/octubre 2019

Pico/capacidad de la red máximos

Marco del mercado basado en roles
Se evitaron todas las congestiones graves

170
150
130
110
90
70
50

0

75

150
225
300
Duración del pico (min)

375

Picos luego del uso de la flexibilidad
Picos antes del uso de la flexibilidad

gráfico 7. Activaciones exitosas de flexibilidad reaccionando a situaciones de sobrecarga de la red durante la
primera fase del piloto EFR. Tenga en cuenta que todos los
eventos previstos de congestión grave impidieron hacer uso
de la flexibilidad local disponible.

mercado local. Esto permitió al GRD crear un proceso com-
pleto de planificación, validación y liquidación para obtener
cargas flexibles para la gestión de congestión a través del
ieee power & energy magazine

75



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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