Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 88

respuesta a la demanda y al mismo tiempo asegurar las
necesidades operativas de las partes interesadas de la red.
Con el uso de dispositivos inteligentes conectados en redes
de área local, los consumidores están expuestos a un mercado más grande donde se pueden intercambiar productos
energéticos y los servicios de red.
Dentro de las aplicaciones de energía transactiva, los
consumidores y prosumidores tienen la oportunidad de
explotar y beneficiarse con los cambios en los precios del
mercado de electricidad en tiempo real. En lugar de obtener electricidad directamente de una empresa de servicios
públicos, los consumidores pueden implementar esquemas
de arbitraje de energía dentro de los mercados de energía
transactiva y maximizar sus beneficios. Se pueden implementar dichos esquemas de arbitraje cuando los consumidores tienen acceso a los dispositivos de eIoT correctos,
información de fijación de precios para los mercados de
electricidad mayoristas y minoristas, y plataformas de
energía transactiva que puedan coordinar los flujos de
energía en respuesta a esta información de fijación de precios. Además, la aparición de blockchain, como un libro
mayor distribuido y virtual, ha aumentado la probabilidad
de que las aplicaciones de energía transactiva comuniquen
la información de las transacciones de forma segura. Las
plataformas de energía transactiva abren efectivamente el

n1

n3

e1

lado de la demanda a una amplia gama de aplicaciones
y, por ende, tienen el potencial de cambiar los modelos
de negocio actuales en el sistema de distribución. Naturalmente, las necesidades de los consumidores residenciales, comerciales e industriales varían, y las soluciones de
gestión de energía transactiva deben desarrollarse debidamente. Por lo tanto, no está claro cómo se formarán las
aplicaciones de energía transactiva o cómo las empresas
de servicios públicos se adaptarán a la periferia de la red
altamente activa.

Modelado de sistemas de infraestructura
interdependientes con gráficos
heterofuncionales
¿Por qué necesitamos gráficos
heterofuncionales?
Muchos elementos de la eIoT tienen una doble identidad. No
solo consumen energía, sino que también brindan un servicio al consumidor. Por ejemplo, el propósito principal de
una instalación de tratamiento de agua es extraer y tratar el
agua y suministrarla a la comunidad a través de una red de
bombas y tuberías. Este ejemplo muestra que muchas cosas
energéticas en la periferia de la red tienen funciones fuera de
la red que impulsan los patrones de consumo de electricidad

ψ1

ψ3

ψ7
ψ4

e2

n2

Leyenda
Nodos:
n1: Instalación de
tratamiento de agua
n2: Unidad solar FV
n3: Casa
n4: Lugar de trabajo
Bordes:
e1: Tubería de agua
e2: Línea de energía 1
e3: Línea de energía 2
e4: Carretera

e3

e4

n4
(a)

ψ8
ψ9
ψ2

ψ10

ψ5

ψ11

ψ6
(b)

Grados de libertad:
ψ1: Tratar el agua en instalación de tratamiento de agua
ψ2: Generar electricidad en unidad solar FV
ψ3: Consumir agua en casa
ψ4: Cargar VE en casa
ψ5: Estacionar VE en casa
ψ6: Estacionar VE en lugar de trabajo
ψ7: Transportar agua de una instalación de tratamiento de agua a la casa con una tubería de agua
ψ8: Transportar energía de la unidad solar FV a la instalación de tratamiento de agua con la Línea de Energía 1
ψ9: Transportar energía de la unidad solar FV a la casa con la Línea de Energía 2
ψ10: Descargar VE de la casa al lugar de trabajo por carretera
ψ11: Descargar VE del lugar de trabajo a la casa por carretera

gráfico 7. Representación de gráficos tradicional frente a una de gráficos heterofuncionales de una red pequeña: (a)
topografía de red original y (b) matriz de adyacencia heterofuncional. VE: vehículo eléctrico; FV: fotovoltaica.
88

ieee power & energy magazine

septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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