Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 96

Lanzo, junto a las vías del ferrocarril
Turín-Ciriè-Lanzo. Un dínamo Siemens de CA impulsado por una máquina de vapor se ubicó dentro del edificio
de exhibición eléctrica en Turín. Los
transformadores Gaulard-Gibbs en el
edificio alimentaron 18 luces incandescentes y una lámpara de arco. Se
colocaron transformadores y luces adicionales en la estación de tren de Turín
y en las estaciones de tren de Venaria
Reale y Ciriè (véase el gráfico  1). En
Lanzo, había transformadores, 27 luces incandescentes y tres luces de arco.

El periódico Annuario Scientifico ed
Industriale informó que el sistema
de transmisión Gaulard-Gibbs fue la
atracción estrella de la exposición eléctrica (sigue la traducción del italiano
del autor):
Los generadores secundarios
de Gaulard y Gibbs: el principal
atractivo de la reciente exposición internacional de electricidad en Turín fue el sistema
de los Sres. Gaulard y Gibbs
para la transmisión de electricidad a largas distancias. No se
King's Cross

Gower
Street

Aldersgate
Street

Edgware
Road
Notting
Hill Gate

gráfico 4. El Ferrocarril Metropolitano de Londres en 1883. Solo se etiquetan
las estaciones alimentadas por el sistema Gaulard-Gibbs. El equipo generador
se ubicaba en la Edgware Road Station. El dibujo es una versión modificada de
un mapa del ferrocarrill metropolitano del periodo.

la consideró como una solución
completa y madura, pero debido
a la importancia del problema y
al ingenio de los dispositivos, el
gobierno italiano y el municipio
de Turín no dudaron en otorgar
a los inventores una parte importante del premio que había
sido destinado a inventos que
promueven soluciones prácticas a problemas de transmisión
eléctrica, iluminación eléctrica y
electrometalurgia.
No debemos subestimar el logro de
hacer funcionar un cable de 3,000 V
desde Turín hasta una aldea a los pies
de los Alpes italianos en 1884. Las historias de transmisión de energía eléctrica mencionan de manera rutinaria
este tour de force. El experimento de
Turín-Lanzo en 1884 hizo por la transmisión de energía eléctrica lo que la
instalación de Edison en el crucero SS
Columbia (gráfico 2) hizo por la iluminación eléctrica incandescente en 1880.
En ambos casos, las instalaciones fueron experimentales y de una calidad
inadecuada para su uso comercial prolongado. Pero también en ambos casos,
la publicidad de una nueva tecnología
fue un resultado importante, y pronto
la siguieron versiones comercialmente

gráfico 5. Un mapa de la exposición de Turín de 1884. [Fuente: Carlo Sestagalli, "Guida Pratica Completa pel Visitatore
della Esposizione Italiana in Torino 1884" (1884), S. Muggiani y C., Milano.]
96

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septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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