IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 122

manera económica, sino que también
tienen poco o ningún impacto en el
medio ambiente.

Represas no eléctricas

figura 3. "El concepto de la Presa francesa". (Fuente: Oficina de tecnologías
hídricas-Eficiencia energética y energía renovable, Empresas de desarrollo francesas; usado con permiso).

tienden a producir mejores resultados
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macenamiento por bombeo a pequeña
escala, con recursos renovables como
la energía solar, puede mejorar la vida
en las zonas rurales. Por ejemplo, se
puede bombear agua a un tanque elevado durante el día mediante el uso de
energía solar y luego liberarse al final
de la tarde y temprano en la mañana,
para la irrigación con microturbinas integradas, las cuales generan electricidad
para alimentar los pueblos rurales. Esto
puede eliminar la necesidad de baterías
costosas y crear estilos de vida más sostenibles y más oportunidades económicas para los pueblos.
En la actualidad, varias naciones
en desarrollo instalan centrales hidroeléctricas a pequeña escala o "micro hidroeléctricas" que pueden generar menos de 100 kW mediante el uso
de infraestructura hidráulica existente.
Estas instalaciones se usan por lo general para energizar pequeños hogares
o comunidades y también forman parte
de microredes locales, lo que aumenta
la resiliencia del sistema eléctrico en la
región. También se pueden instalar las
pequeñas unidades en línea, con modificaciones mínimas a las infraestructuras existentes de canales y tuberías.
Los sistemas micro hidroeléctricos
diseñados e integrados de manera cuidadosa no solo son efectivos para suministrar energía a las comunidades de

Existen muchos activos de embalse
existentes que se usan para almacenar
el exceso de agua durante la temporada de lluvias o de flujo alto, o incluso como instalaciones recreativas con
salidas gestionadas para usos de irrigación y suministro de agua. Agregar
la tecnología necesaria para que las
represas no energéticas (NPD, por sus
siglas en inglés) produzcan electricidad
es una buena manera de incrementar
o expandir el suministro de energía
limpia y renovable, debido a que estas
instalaciones ya están construidas, establecidas y en funcionamiento. Además, estos activos pueden satisfacer
parcialmente la necesidad de proporcionar apoyo para los recursos intermitentes cuando se convierten con fines
de producción de electricidad y se integran en la red local. La integración en
una región más grande podría permitir que la conversión de NPD funcione
como herramienta de apoyo a la red.
El Departamento de Energía de los Estados Unidos estima que convertir las
100 NPD principales en activos de producción de energía solo en los Estados
Unidos podría agregar 8 GW en capacidad instalada de energía hidroeléctrica adicional a la red.

Tecnología de
construcción modular
El mayor costo de los componentes
de una pequeña hidroeléctrica es el
costo de la construcción en el sitio.
Los desarrollos tecnológicos más recientes en la construcción modular de
centrales pequeñas y micro hidroeléctricas puede ayudar a construir estas
represas más rápido y a menor costo.
La Oficina de Tecnologías de Energía
Hidráulica de la Oficina de Eficiencia
Energética y Energías Renovables ha
respaldado recientemente la implementación del proyecto o proyectos
que utiliza(n) la construcción modular, bajo la denominación de "Represa
francesa", en función de la empresa
septiembre/octubre 2020


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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 4
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 85
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 118
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover4
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