IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 125

en mi opinión

Girish Behal

generación
hidroeléctrica
superar las limitaciones del sistema

L

LA ENERGÍA HIDROELÉCTRICA
SE HA UTIlizado para generar energía
mecánica durante más de 3,000 años y,
posteriormente, energía eléctrica en los
últimos 140 años o más. Había más de
1,308 GW de generación hidroeléctriIdentificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.3001481
Fecha de la versión actual: 19 de julio de 2020

China 356.4

ca instalada a nivel mundial a finales
de 2019, como se muestra en la figura
1. Esos 1,308 GW incluyen 16 GW de
nueva capacidad (figura 2) puestos en
línea en el 2019. Una gran parte de la
flota hidroeléctrica en todo el mundo
consiste en grandes embalses de almacenamiento seguidos de activos de generación hidroeléctrica de filo de agua.

Brasil 109.06 Estados Unidos 102.75 Canadá 81.39

Las unidades de almacenamiento por
bombeo se construyeron para almacenar energía durante los periodos de
carga baja y reutilizarla durante los periodos de carga máxima.
Recientemente, ha habido un gran
aumento en la cantidad de energía

India 50.07

(continúa en la pág. 120)

Japón 49.91

Rusia 49.86

Noruega 32.67

Turquía 28.5

Italia 22.59
Capacidad total instalada
de hidropotencia
en el 2019

Francia 25.56
España 20.41
Suiza 16.86
Vietnam 16.76
Suecia 16.48
Venezuela 15.39
Austria 14.54
Irán 12.17
México 12.13

Resto del mundo 274.43

Colombia 11.92

figura 1. La generación hidroeléctrica total mundial instalada a finales de 2019. (Fuente: "Informe sobre el estado de la
hidropotencia de 2020", Asociación Internacional de la Hidropotencia; usado con permiso).
septiembre/octubre 2020 	

ieee power & energy magazine	

125



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 16
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 18
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 21
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 71
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 86
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 90
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 92
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 95
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 97
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 106
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover4
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