IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 57

Energía hidroeléctrica
de almacenamiento
por bombeo
Antes y
ahora

Por Peter J. Donalek

E

AQUEDUCT-©ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/SENTAVIOW,
CENTRAL HIDROELÉCTRICA-©ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/BIGMOUSE108

EL SER HUMANO HA APROVECHADO EL AGUA PARA
realizar trabajos por miles de años. Los arqueólogos descubrieron ciudades antiguas en donde el agua se almacenaba en
embalses naturales o artificiales, para proporcionar agua potable y regar los cultivos. Por lo tanto, el almacenamiento por
bombeo, como parte de las redes eléctricas modernas, tiene
profundas raíces históricas.

Una breve Historia de la energía hidroeléctrica
La historia de la energía hidroeléctrica de almacenamiento
por bombeo comenzó cuando Arquímedes construyó la
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.3001418
Fecha de la versión actual: 19 de julio de 2020

septiembre/octubre 2020

bomba de tornillo de elevación, y siguió con los romanos,
quienes construyeron embalses con acueductos para desviar
el agua del río y dirigirla a las ciudades gracias a la fuerza de
gravedad. Los acueductos romanos, con flujo por gravedad,
se consideran el modo de descarga del proceso de almacenamiento por bombeo. A los ingenieros romanos se les atribuye la construcción de los molinos de ruedas hidráulicas,
que se usaban para moler trigo y convertirlo en harina ya en
el primer siglo antes de la era común.
Los molinos de viento se construyeron para aprovechar la
energía eólica en los Países Bajos (Holanda) y el oriente de
Inglaterra (Fens y Anglia Oriental). Estos convierten la energía cinética del viento en energía mecánica (par de torsión y

1540-7977/20©2020IEEE

ieee power & energy magazine

57



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 9
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 79
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 82
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover4
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