IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 92

revista Le Temps (París) informó en
octubre de 1879 que Menier utilizaba
la energía hidroeléctrica para la agricultura. A continuación, mi traducción
resumida:
Ayer, el Sr. Henri Menier usó las
máquinas de Gramme para un

experimento de arado. Se tra-
zaron varios surcos delante de
nosotros en Noisiel, a 700 metros
de la presa donde se encontraban
los generadores. El Sr. Menier
planea usar la electricidad para
arar todas las granjas de su pa-

dre, incluidas las más distantes,
a 5 km de la presa.
En esencia, Menier construyó tractores eléctricos, cuya energía se alimentaba de cables muy largos que se
enrollaban y desenrollaban en grandes carretes en los tractores durante el
arado, en una época en que ya se utilizaban ampliamente los tractores agrícolas más prácticos, sin ataduras y que
funcionaban a vapor. El método poco
práctico de Menier había sido patentado por otros en 1878 (patente francesa
128,182).

1879: el sistema
Hidroeléctrico Privado
de Johannes Badrutt

figura 3. Impresión a la albúmina recortada de la mansión de Sir William Armstrong, Cragside, alrededor de 1890, de la colección del autor. Las impresiones
a la albúmina se hacían principalmente en el periodo 1860-1900.

En 1856, el empresario Johannes Badrutt alquiló una casa de huéspedes
de 12 camas en St. Moritz, Suiza, y
le dio el nuevo nombre de Engadiner
Kulm. Compró la propiedad dos años
después y comenzó a mejorarla y ampliarla para convertirla en un hotel. El
Engadiner Kulm (ahora el Hotel Kulm)
es conocido como la cuna del turismo
de invierno en Suiza. Badrutt visitó la
Feria Mundial de 1878 en París, donde
admiró una instalación de iluminación
eléctrica. En 1879, construyó una pequeña central hidroeléctrica, alimentada por el agua de un arroyo sobre el
hotel, e iluminó el comedor del hotel

figura 4. Central hidroeléctrica de William Armstrong en Cragside, Northumberland, Inglaterra, en 1878. [Fuente: The
Graphic (Londres) del 2 de abril de 1881].
92	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

septiembre/octubre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover4
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