IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 93

con lámparas de arco. La distancia promedio entre la central de potencia y las
lámparas era de 140 m.

1881: el sistema
hidroeléctrico de Edison
En 1881, se instaló la primera central
hidroeléctrica de Edison en los ase-
rraderos de Alfred Dolge en Brockett's
Bridge (más adelante rebautizado como
Dolgeville), Nueva York. En 1882, la
organización Edison instaló pequeñas
centrales hidroeléctricas no solo en
Appleton, sino también en Augusta
(Georgia), Besançon (Francia) y Tampere (Finlandia).

1881: sistema
hidroeléctrico público en
Godalming, Inglaterra
En 1881, la pequeña ciudad de Godalming, Inglaterra, comenzó a suministrar a los clientes iluminación eléctrica
desde una pequeña estación central

propiedad de Siemens Brothers and
Company de Londres. Una pequeña
dínamo impulsada por una rueda hidráulica en un río (figura 5) alimentaba las lámparas de arco en las farolas
y las luces incandescentes de interior.
Godalming volvió a la iluminación a
gas en 1884, cuando Siemens Brothers
anunció que no podía seguir ofreciendo
el servicio eléctrico a menos que más
clientes se inscribieran y la compañía
local de gas bajara los precios.

1880-1902: sistema
hidroeléctrico público en
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Volvemos a 1880. La energía hidroeléctrica en Grand Rapids comenzó a una
escala muy pequeña, pero tuvo un crecimiento constante. El Grand Rapids
Daily Eagle del 26 de julio de 1880 informó lo siguiente:
La luz eléctrica: Grand Rapids
tiene luz eléctrica como caracte-

rística permanente. Como era de
esperar, el sábado por la tarde,
el Sweet's Hotel, el Great Wardrobe [de E.S. Pierce], [la tienda de productos secos] Spring
& Company's, [la joyería] A.
Preusser, [el restaurante y cervecería] Arcade, la tienda Star
Clothing House y la fábrica de
muebles Wolverine fueron iluminados con dieciséis luces
eléctricas de Brush, instaladas
por la Grand Rapids Electric Light and Power Company. La luz
fue un gran éxito: fuerte, constante, blanca y uniforme. Atrajo
a miles de personas a las calles
y a lugares iluminados por ella,
y fue admirada y disfrutada por
todos. Algunos se quejaban de
que era demasiado brillante y
que les hacía doler los ojos, los
cegaba; pero era porque miraban
directamente a la luz. Cuando se

figura 5. Central hidroeléctrica de Godalming, Inglaterra, en 1881. [Fuente: The Graphic (Londres) del 12 noviembre de
1881].
septiembre/octubre 2020	

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover4
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