IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 99

Light Company, con su hermano como
electricista. En 1886, cuando la compañía tenía una capacidad de 105 lámparas de arco, la familia Foote se reubicó
en Jackson, Michigan, en donde Guillermo y el operario Samuel E. Jarvis
de Lansing, Michigan, formaron una
compañía de servicio público eléctrico
nombrada Jarvis y Foote, que, en 1888,
se convirtió en Jackson Electric Light
Works. En 1889, Jackson Electric Light
Works contaba con 300 luces de arco
Thomson-Houston en funcionamiento,
212 de las cuales estaban en el alumbrado público (figura 7). La compañía
también operaba en Albion y Battle
Creek, Michigan. Jarvis ya no figuraba
en el directorio de la ciudad de Jackson
de 1890. William era ahora presidente,
con su hermano James como superintendente y electricista. Jackson Electric
Light Works se convirtió en la Jackson
Light & Power Company en 1894.
Las cuatro entradas en negrita de
la tabla 2 son los logros de los hermanos Foote. Sus notables carreras como
diseñadores y desarrolladores de gigantescos sistemas hidroeléctricos en
Michigan comenzaron cuando William
fundó Kalamazoo Valley Electric Company en el otoño de 1898 con el propósito de construir una central hidroeléctrica
en Trowbridge, Michigan, para su transmisión a Kalamazoo y otros lugares
cercanos. William era el presidente de la
compañía, y su hermano era el ingeniero eléctrico. La construcción comenzó
en septiembre de 1898 y se completó un
año más tarde. Trowbridge fue un gran
paso para los hermanos Foote, pero las
transmisiones a mayores tensiones y
distancias ya estaban en funcionamiento
en otros lugares cuando su central comenzó a operar (tabla 2).
Dos acontecimientos importantes
en la historia de la energía hidroeléctrica en Michigan tuvieron lugar en
1904 en Maine: las incorporaciones
de la Commonwealth Power Company
y la Grand Rapids-Muskegon Water Power Company. Commonwealth
Power Company fue una consolidación
de las diversas empresas de servicios
públicos de William A. Foote. Commonwealth Power existió desde 1905
septiembre/octubre 2020	

hasta 1914, con William como presidente y James como superintendente general. Grand Rapids-Muskegon
Water Power Company se convirtió en
Grand Rapids-Muskegon Power Company poco después de su fundación.
Existió de 1906 a 1914; más adelante en
este artículo se proporciona más infor-

mación. Commonwealth Power, Grand
Rapids-Muskegon Power y otras nueve
compañías eléctricas de Michigan fueron absorbidas en noviembre de 1914
por Consumers Power Company, que
se había constituido en Maine en 1910.
Consumers Power cambió su nombre a
Consumers Energy en 1997.

figura 7. Farol de arco en Main Street (ahora Avenida Michigan) al este de la
Calle Jackson en Jackson, Michigan, en 1889. (Fuente: adaptado de R. H. Baker,
Jackson, Mich. Resources, Jackson, Michigan: B.F. Conrad and Company, 1889).
Central eléctrica
Presa Rogers

Central eléctrica
Presa Croton

1908

72,000 V

Río Muskegon
72,000 V

110,000 V
10 MW

Casnovia
Muskegon

72,000 V

72,000 V
Lago Michigan
Grand Rapids

figura 8. Líneas de transmisión de 72,000 V y 110,000 V de la Grand Rapids-Muskegon Power Company en 1908. Se omiten las líneas troncales de baja
tensión.
ieee power & energy magazine 	

99



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2020 - Cover3
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