IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 101

GL) publicaron la práctica recomendada GRIDSTOR sobre
" Seguridad, funcionamiento y rendimiento de los sistemas
de almacenamiento de energía conectados a la red " . Otros
esfuerzos incluyeron una colaboración entre la Autoridad
de Investigación y Desarrollo Energético del Estado de
Nueva York, SmartDG Hub (dirigido por la Universidad
de la Ciudad de Nueva York) y la ciudad de Nueva York
(con asistencia técnica de DNV GL, una empresa de pruebas y consultoría) que, en 2018, elaboró una guía de

procedimiento para los BESS: " Guía de procedimiento de
permisos e interconexión para sistemas exteriores de iones de
litio de la ciudad de Nueva York " .
Al mismo tiempo, muchas organizaciones también desarrollaban o mejoraban códigos y estándares para guiar el
diseño y la instalación de los ESS. Las tablas 1 y 2 clasifican estos estándares en cinco grupos: componentes, sistemas
integrados, instalación y puesta en servicio, operaciones y
mantenimiento y preparación ante incidentes. A pesar de la

tabla 1. Códigos y estándares de preinstalación.
Componentes
Celdas y baterías secundarias que contienen electrolitos alcalinos u otros electrolitos no
ácidos: requerimientos de seguridad para celdas y baterías de litio secundarias para su
uso en sistemas de almacenamiento de energía eléctrica

IEC 63056:2020

Baterías secundarias de alta temperatura-Parte 2: Requerimientos y pruebas de
seguridad

IEC 62984-2:2020

*Práctica recomendada para sistemas de gestión de baterías en aplicaciones de
almacenamiento de energía

IEEE P2686 y CSA C22.2 n.° 340

*Las comunicaciones estándares entre los componentes del sistema de almacenamiento
de energía

Especificaciones de la MESADispositivo/Modelo de
almacenamiento de energía SunSpec

Relevadores de caja moldeada, interruptores de caja moldeada y carcasas de los
relevadores

UL 489

Estándar para condensadores electroquímicos

UL 810A

Estándar para baterías de litio

UL 1642

Inversores, convertidores, controladores y equipos de sistemas de interconexión para su
uso con fuentes de energía distribuida

UL 1741

ANSI/CAN/UL Estándar para baterías para su uso en las aplicaciones estacionarias, la
potencia auxiliar de vehículos y el riel eléctrico ligero (LER, por sus siglas en inglés)

UL 1973

Sistemas integrados
Sistemas de almacenamiento de energía eléctrica (EES)-Parte 5-1: Consideraciones de
seguridad para sistemas EES integrados a la red-Especificación general

IEC TS 62933-5-1:2017

Sistemas de almacenamiento de energía eléctrica (EES)-Parte 5-2: Requerimientos de
seguridad para sistemas EES integrados a la red-Sistemas basados en electroquímicos

IEC 62933-5-2:2020

Sistemas de almacenamiento energía de batería de flujo para aplicaciones
estacionarias-Parte 2-2: Requerimientos de seguridad

IEC 62932-2-2

Prácticas y requerimientos recomendados del IEEE para el control de los armónicos en
sistemas eléctricos

IEEE 519

Estándar para la interconexión e interoperabilidad de fuentes de energía distribuida con
interfaces asociadas de sistemas eléctricos

IEEE 1547

*Especificación de comunicaciones estándar para el sistema de almacenamiento de
energía a escala de servicios públicos

MESA-ESS

Estándar sobre la protección contra explosiones por deflagración de ventilación

NFPA 68

Estándar sobre los sistemas de prevención de explosiones

NFPA 69

Estándar ANSI/CAN/UL para sistemas y equipos de almacenamiento de energía

UL 9540

Método de prueba para evaluar la propagación de incendios por escape térmico en
sistemas de almacenamiento de energía de la batería

UL 9540A

MESA: arquitectura modular de almacenamiento de energía.
* En desarrollo.
noviembre/diciembre del 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
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