IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 114

tabla 1. Las primeras compañías electroquímicas de la región de las
Cataratas del Niágara presentadas en la figura 1. (Fuente: The Niagara
Falls Electrical Handbook).

la gran cantidad de potencia requerida
por los procesos electroquímicos. Este
artículo se centra en las industrias suministradas por la Central Eléctrica de
Adams, examina con cierto detalle tres
de las cargas más grandes y comenta su
impacto en el desarrollo de los equipos
eléctricos de carga.

Referencial HP
del mapa
máximos

Millas

Compañía Pittsburgh Reduction
(posteriormente, Alcoa)

17

8,000

0.46

Compañía Carborundum

15

5,000

0.25

Compañía Union Carbide

30

15,000

2

Distribución local

Compañía Electroquímica del Niágara

19

2,000

0.75

Compañía de Reducción de Plomo
Eléctrico

11

500

0.19

Compañía de Álcalis Electrolíticos Castner

18

7,000

0.85

Compañía International Acheson Graphite

14

1,000

0.28

Compañía Roberts Chemical

26

500

1.9

Francis Hook and Eye and Fastener Co.

5

15

0.47

Compañía Norton Emery Wheel

22

650

0.95

Fábrica de Hierro de Ramapo

25

500

1.7

The Composite Board Co.

13

200

0.34

Laboratorios de Investigación del Niágara

10

500

0.28

Compañía Electroquímica Oldbury

27

1,500

2.18

Compañía de Productos Atmosféricos

16

50

0.47

Inicialmente, la Central Eléctrica No. 1
de Adams solo tenía un único alternador bifásico, pero este alternador era
de 5,000 hp en una época en la que
una máquina de 500 hp se consideraba
grande. Además, en ese momento no se
comprendían bien las mejores prácticas
que regían las características de los circuitos de CA. La Niagara Falls Power
Company, junto con la Westinghouse
Electric & Manufacturing Company
y la General Electric Company, desarrollarían estas prácticas durante la
próxima década. En algunos casos, estas prácticas fueron el resultado de graves fallos eléctricos. La mayoría de los

figura 1. Mapa de 1904 de la zona cercana a las Centrales Eléctricas de Adams en la porción del río Niágara que se
encuentra justo encima de las cataratas, en el que se muestra a los arrendatarios locales en terrenos propiedad de la Com-
pañía Eléctrica de las Cataratas del Niágara. (Fuente: The Niagara Falls Electrical Handbook, 1904).
114	

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noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

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