IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 116

La industria
electroquímica
también fue un
catalizador en
el desarrollo
de la industria
de fabricación
de equipos
eléctricos.

figura 3. Sección transversal de un túnel de cable. (Fuente: The Harnessing of
Niagara, 1895).

figura 4. Colocación de conductos de cable en las cataratas del Niágara.
(Fuente: The Harnessing of Niagara, 1895).
116	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

Como la mayoría de los cortocircuitos
se encontraban en la línea de transmisión, el sistema de distribución
local se alimentaba de una sección
separada de los circuitos de transmisión. Eventualmente, esta situación
insostenible llevaría al desarrollo
del relevador de aceite. Pero eso llevaría varios años y dependía de una mejor
comprensión de los fenómenos de cortocircuito.
Los conductores utilizados para la
distribución local fueron conducidos
a través de un túnel de hormigón de
2,000 pies de longitud. Se montaron
soportes de hierro en las paredes del
túnel; cada soporte transportaba cuatro
cables de cobre de un solo conductor,
cubiertos de plomo (véase la figura
3). Este túnel terminaba en una alcantarilla cerca de las centrales de
las compañías Pittsburgh Reduction
y Carborundum. Los cables de estas
dos centrales salían del túnel y pasaban sobre postes de madera hasta las
instalaciones de los clientes. Pero en
el mismo año, antes de que se pudieran construir líneas de postes adicionales, dos industrias más contrataron
la potencia de la Central Eléctrica N.°
1: Las compañías Mathieson Alkali
y Niagara Electrochemical. Louis B.
Stillwell, uno de los principales ingenieros eléctricos de la época, escribió
(para más información, véase Stillwell
en la sección " Lecturas Complementarias " ):
No había ninguna provisión de
conductos para los cables que
noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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