IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 122

un proyecto piloto de tecnología eléctrica moderna. Durante el funcionamiento de esta central varios conceptos
se adoptaron, mientras que algunos
nunca se repitieron. Otros serían una
plantilla para lo que vendría a continuación, como el uso de relevadores de
aceite en los circuitos de transmisión
de alta tensión para protegerse contra
los cortocircuitos de una magnitud no
prevista anteriormente pero, a partir
del nivel de fallas experimentadas en el
Niágara, su necesidad se hizo dolorosamente evidente. La remoción de los
relevadores eléctricos de la ubicación
del operador se hizo primero en las
Centrales Eléctricas de Adams. Anteriormente, todos los interruptores y
fusibles estaban ubicados en un tablero
común en la sala de control del operador. Llegar a entender que todas las
fases de un circuito deben estar en el
mismo cable para reducir las corrientes
de remolino y que los circuitos deben
estar separados unos de otros para detener la propagación de las fallas fue el
resultado de incidentes dolorosos en las
Cataratas del Niágara.
Hoy en día, solo unas pocas de las
industrias originales están activas en
las Cataratas del Niágara, y son cono-

122	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

cidas por diferentes nombres. Pero esas
primeras industrias dejaron un importante legado. Si no fuera porque la
industria electroquímica proporcionó
el incentivo financiero para encontrar
una mejor manera, la tecnología eléctrica que conocemos hoy pudiese haber
tardado más décadas en desarrollarse.

Lecturas complementarias
M. M. Trescott, The Rise of the American Electrochemicals Industry (El
auge de la industria electroquímica estadounidense). West Port, CT:
Greenwood Press, 1981.
Niagara Falls Electrical Handbook
(Manual eléctrico de las Cataratas del
Niágara), Instituto Estadounidense de
Ingenieros Eléctricos., Nueva York,
1904.
The Harnessing of Niagara (El
aprovechamiento del Niágara), The
Cassier Magazine Co., Nueva York,
1895.
R. Barnett, " Energy in Niagara Falls:
International Niagara -
Commission "
(Energía en las Cataratas del Niágara:
Comisión Internacional del Niágara),
IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 18, n.°
4, págs. 76-86, julio/agosto de 2020.
doi: 10.1109/MPE.2020.2967906.

H. W. Buck, " The utilization of Niagara power " (Utilización de la potencia
del Niágara), J. Assoc. Eng. Soc., vol.
32, pág. 344, junio de 1904.
E. D. Adams, Niagara Power, vol.
1. Niagara Falls, NY: Niagara Falls
Power Co., 1927.
E. D. Adams, Niagara Power, vol.
2. Niagara Falls, NY: Niagara Falls
Power Co., 1927.
J. S. Peck, " Transformers for electrochemical work " (Transformadores
para trabajos electroquímicos), Electrochem. Ind., vol. 1, págs. 5-8, septiembre de 1902.
L. B. Stillwell, " The electric transmission of power from Niagara falls "
(La transmisión eléctrica de la potencia
de las Cataratas del Niágara), Trans.
Inst. Est. de Ing. Eléc., vol. XVIII,
págs. 445-544, agosto de 1901. doi:
10.1109/T-AIEE.1901.4764192.
A. D. Adams, Electric Transmission
of Water Power (Transmisión eléctrica
de la potencia del agua). Nueva York:
McGraw-Hill, 1906.
A. Stansfield, The Electric Furnace
(El horno eléctrico). Nueva York: McGraw-Hill, 1914.


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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
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