IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 26

se triplique bajo un escenario de adopción amplia. Aunque
los sistemas FVD son las fuentes de energía distribuida
(FED) más comunes en Australia, otras formas de FED,
como los BESS, también se están volviendo más frecuentes. Sin embargo, sigue existiendo una visibilidad limitada
de la operación de la energía FVD y una interoperabilidad
remota mínima o nula.

Contribuciones para satisfacer la
demanda del NEM
La generación de energía FVD está contribuyendo cada vez
más a satisfacer la demanda, particularmente durante las
épocas templadas de otoño y primavera. En ciertos momen-

tos del día, el conjunto de sistemas FVD representa el mayor
generador en el NEM, alcanzando un máximo estimado de
6 GW de generación instantánea en 2019 (o el 23 % de la
demanda subyacente). Durante la primavera de 2019, la
contribución de energía FVD superó el 50 % de la generación en Australia Meridional durante 6 horas en el día de
demanda " neta " mínima del sistema (figura 2). A lo largo
de la última década, SAPN ha observado una reducción
progresiva en la demanda mínima cada año en el sistema
de distribución (figura 3), la tasa de la reducción se ha acelerado y la demanda mínima ha disminuido en ~200 MW
entre octubre de 2018 y octubre de 2019. Como resultado, se
espera que toda la red de distribución constituya una fuente

Capacidad FVD del NEM (GW)

10
9

Estándar - Aplica estándar de conexión de inversores
actual (posterior a octubre de 2016)
actual
Estándar - Aplica estándar de conexión de inversores
tradicional (antes de octubre de 2015)
tradicional

8
7
6
5
4
3

Queensland

2

35 %
Penetración de energía FVD

1
0
2001-2013 2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

10.1 GW
Demanda máxima

2019

Australia Meridional
35 %
3.2 GW
Penetración
Demanda
de energía FVD máxima

Nueva Gales del Sur
20 %
13.8 GW
Penetración
Demanda máxima
de energía FVD

Tasmania
Victoria
18 %
Penetración
de energía FVD

9.3 GW
Demanda máxima

15 %
Penetración
de energía FVD
1.7 GW
Demanda máxima

figura 1. Las regiones del NEM australiano. Los porcentajes de penetración indican la proporción de las viviendas
independientes con generación de energía FVD. El gráfico muestra el uso de energía FVD y el volumen de generación
instalado de acuerdo con los estándares " tradicionales " (antes de 2015) y " actuales " (posteriores a 2016) de la interconex-
ión de inversores en el NEM. Nótese que el Estándar AS/NZS4777.2:2015 australiano y neozelandés para los inversores se
encuentra actualmente bajo revisión.
26	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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