IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 35

retroceso de control de supervisión y adquisición de datos
(SCADA, por sus siglas en inglés) llevado a cabo por generadores en la subestación restringida para evitar cualquier
sobrecarga de activos de distribución y transmisión o daño
a los equipos. Aquí, N−1 se refiere a la capacidad total de
la subestación de conexión, donde hay un elemento importante de la planta fuera de servicio (un " evento contingente
único " ). En este caso, es la capacidad resultante debido a
una única interrupción del transformador de una subestación de la zona o de la subestación de punto de conexión
de transmisión.
Sin medidas correctivas, se espera que el uso de energía FVD proyectado para 2025 sobrepase ampliamente
las tensiones y que la red de distribución genere un cuello de botella, limitando los beneficios que puedan capturarse de las FED. Además, las VPP representan una
preocupación, dado que la carga y descarga simultánea,
incluso en penetraciones bajas de baterías, podría superar
los límites térmicos. En respuesta, SAPN ha considerado
tres opciones:
1)	 Podría continuar aplicando un límite de conexión
estático de 5  kW y aumentar la capacidad de almacenamiento de la red para incorporar todas las FED
adicionales. Esto se podría lograr a través de una combinación del aumento de la red (como la inversión en

reguladores de tensión) y de soluciones ajenas a la red,
como la gestión de la demanda.
2)	 Podría comenzar aplicando límites de conexión estáticos a las nuevas FED, lo que podría generar " límites
de exportación nula " para las FED en partes de la red
que se encuentren al límite de su capacidad técnica (es
decir, no se permita exportar).
3)	 Podría aplicar límites de exportación dinámicos ( " conexiones de exportación flexibles " ), lo que significa
que los límites de exportación de las FED podrían variar dependiendo de las condiciones reales en que haya
periodos de exportación inferiores al límite actual de
5 kW y potencialmente durante los periodos en que la
exportación supere este umbral.
Un análisis tecnoeconómico indicó que habilitar los límites de exportación dinámicos proporcionaría el mayor beneficio económico neto para todos los consumidores y, por lo
tanto, este es el enfoque propuesto por SAPN. La aplicación
se encuentra actualmente bajo revisión por parte del Regulador de Energía de Australia como parte del proceso de determinación de ingresos que se realiza cada cinco años (también
se conoce como caso de tarifas generales en algunas regiones). El plan de SAPN es implementar conexiones de exportación flexibles para todas las FED pequeñas y medianas hacia
2023, si se aprueban los límites de exportación dinámicos.

Sistemas de SAPN

Sistemas de otros DNSP

Sistemas
de soporte
AusNet
Services

Servicios web
de REST

Servidor de uso del
Estándar 2030.5
del IEEE

Estándar
2030.5
del IEEE

Protocolos
propietarios

Las llamadas API brindan soporte de
registro electrónico, monitoreo
y publicación de restricciones.

Plataforma
en la nube de
agregadores

Sistema de gestión
de energía
de sitios

Puerta de enlace

Protocolos
de OEM

Estimador
de restricciones

API de SAPN

Base de
datos de serie
de tiempos

API de DNSP

Base de
datos de FED

Opciones de conexión múltiple para el mercado
FED
FED
FED

FED
FED

FED

FED

figura 14. La arquitectura técnica de SAPN para las comunicaciones de límites de exportación flexibles. Las comunica-
ciones entre el DNSP y el servidor usa una arquitectura de software de Transferencia de Estado Representacional (REST,
por sus siglas en inglés), mientras que los intercambios entre el servidor y las FED o los controladores de FED emplean el
Estándar 2030.5 del IEEE. API: interfaz de programación de aplicaciones; OEM: fabricante de equipo original.
noviembre/diciembre 2020 	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

35



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 126
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 127
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com