IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 38

experimentadas antes del evento de apagón del sistema en
Australia Meridional en 2016 y que las pérdidas de energía
FVD exacerbaron la situación, teniendo la respuesta de la
energía FVD más extrema cerca de la fuente de perturbación (figura 17). Otro análisis realizado por el AEMO en
su estudio de integración de energías renovables (RIS, por
sus siglos en inglés) brinda una serie de medidas necesarias. El RIS señala que, ante la falta de estas medidas, el,
AEMO podría requerir una moratoria en las instalaciones de
sistemas FVD o la costosa actualización de los equipos de
energía FVD existentes.

Soluciones
Estándares de interconexión

En Australia, las FED son principalmente sistemas pequeños
conectados a la red de baja tensión a través de sistemas de
energía con inversores, cuyos requerimientos para su función y rendimiento se especifican en el Estándar para la
Conexión a la Red de los Sistemas de Energía a través de
Inversores-Parte 2: Requerimientos para Inversores, AS/
NZS4777.2:2015. En junio de 2019, el AEMO envió una pro-

Zona 3

Zona 2

200

m
10
.
:0
0
a.
m
11
.
:3
0
a.
m
.
1:
00
p.
m
2:
30
p.
m
4:
.
00
p.
m
5:
.
30
p.
m
7:
.
00
p.
m
.

8:
30

7:
00

Zona 3
(942 km)

a.

m

.

0

60
Cambio (%)
t0-tnadir

Zona 1
Respuesta de energía FVD
a perturbación

400

a.

Generación
ampliada (MW)

600

puesta de revisar el estándar AS/NZS4777.2 para abordar los
desafíos clave generados por la creciente penetración de sistemas FVD alineando los requerimientos de funcionamiento
en conjunto para estos sistemas con objetivos de seguridad
más amplios para los sistemas eléctricos, así como protección
a nivel de distribución, calidad de la potencia y requerimientos de seguridad. Los cambios propuestos se alinean con los
recientes desarrollos en estándares internacionales, como el
1547-2018 del IEEE y el 4105 de la Asociación de Ingeniería
Eléctrica (de Alemania), que han implementado la funcionalidad de inversores " inteligentes " para brindar soporte a
la seguridad del sistema. Desde julio de 2020, está disponible una revisión del estándar AS/NZS 4777.2 para consulta
pública, y se espera su publicación para comienzos de 2021.
Esta revisión se desarrolló a través de la colaboración estrecha entre el AEMO, DNSP, fabricantes de inversores y otras
partes interesadas clave. Además, el, AEMO busca exigir
requerimientos mínimos de capacidad de restricción al nivel
de los dispositivos para las nuevas instalaciones de sistemas
FVD en Australia Meridional, y así ayudar en la gestión de
condiciones anormales extremas de los sistemas durante
periodos de alta contribución de los sistemas FVD.

Reducción de generación
Proporción desconectada

40

Zona 2
(182 km)

20
0

Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 3
Zona 1
(34 km)
Generador de gas en Torrens
Island
0

700
(km)

figura 17. Mapa del evento de perturbación de tensión en Australia Meridional y perfil de respuesta de los sistemas FVD
del 3 de marzo de 2017 (Generación ampliada indica el rendimiento estimado en la flota FVD de Australia Meridional,
según los datos operativos). Para más detalles, consulte Stringer et. al. en la sección " Lecturas Complementarias " .
38	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
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