IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 56

La situación actual en Kyushu

cidades de suministro son 4.2 GW de cuatro centrales nucleares y 2.3 GW de la HPAB. La figura 3 muestra un gráfico
del reciente despliegue FV en Kyushu. La generación FV en
Kyushu se multiplicó por siete en solo seis años después del
lanzamiento de las FIT en 2012. A finales de marzo de 2018,
la capacidad FV había alcanzado los 8.53 GW, comparable
a la carga mínima diurna. La figura 4 compara la participación de despliegue de capacidad FV con otros índices de
participación en Kyushu. La figura
muestra que Kyushu, que tiene
aproximadamente el 10 % del
área total de tierra, la población
18
y la demanda eléctrica en Japón,
16 %
cuenta con aproximadamente el
14.6 %
15
20 % de la generación FV/eólica
del país. Las razones de una proporción tan grande de generación
12
FV en Kyushu son las condiciones
adecuadas de precios de terrenos
9
más bajos y una irradiancia solar
relativamente mayor a otras zonas
de Japón.
6

120

Capacidad (GW)

100
80

FV solar
Eólica
Geotermia
Biomasa
Hidroeléctrica
Razón de generación de
14.3 %
energías renovables
12.5 %
(eje derecho)
10.4 %

10 %

10.9 %

60
40

3

20
0

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

0

Razón de generación de energías renovables (%)

El sistema eléctrico de Kyushu, la más meridional de las cuatro islas principales de Japón (como se ilustra en la figura 2)
ha sido el más afectado por la rápida y fuerte penetración
de la generación FV. En la zona de Kyushu, interconectada
con Honshu, la isla más grande, por la línea de interconexión
Kanmon, la carga máxima es de 16 GW durante el verano y
el invierno, y la carga mínima diurna es de 8 GW. Las capa-

(Año fiscal)

figura 1. Despliegue de generación renovable en Japón. (Fuente: METI; usado con
permiso).

Okinawa EPCO
(Área de la prefectura) Okinawa
Frecuencia
estándar
60 Hz

Frecuencia
estándar
50 Hz

Desafíos del
funcionamiento del
sistema en Kyushu
Restricción en generación
de energía renovable
E n Ja p ón , el p r og r a m a F I T
impone el despacho prioritario

Hokkaido EPCO

Tohoku EPCO

Hokuriku EPCO
Chugoku EPCO

Tokio EPCO

Chubu EPCO
Kyushu EPCO

Shikoku EPCO

Kansai EPCO

figura 2. Las 10 áreas de equilibrio en Japón. Kyushu EPCO (en un círculo) es el tema central de este artículo.
56	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
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