IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 58

de aproximadamente 15 min. Cada eje recibe una orden de
despacho 2 h antes de la hora objetivo y se pone en paralelo
cada 15 minutos.
Para ajustarse a más generación FV y eólica, una opción
efectiva fue aumentar la capacidad operativa de la interconexión de CA con Honshu
a través de la línea Kanmon,
con una capacidad térmica de
Restricción de energías
Suministro: 12 GW
2.5 GW. Se instaló un sistema
12
renovables: 0.93 GW
de estabilización de la red para
PSH: 1.84 GW
disparar de forma inmediata
10
Exportación a otras áreas: 1.94 GW
PSH y
y selectiva varias centrales de
Demanda: 7.32 GW batería
generación importantes en caso
PSH
8
de una falla en la línea (figura
FV: 5.5 GW
9). Recientemente, en Kyushu y
6
4.8 GW
algunas otras áreas de balance,
Térmico
también se están implementando
2
GW
4
sistemas de almacenamiento de
Hidroenergía, eólica, nuclear y
geotérmica
4.52 GW
energía por baterías (BESS, por
2
sus siglas en inglés) a escala de
servicios públicos. Proporcionan
0
un servicio de regulación de frecuencia del sistema pequeño pero
Hora del día
rápido. La figura 10 representa
una NaS BESS de 50 MW y 6 h
figura 5. La operación de oferta y demanda el 21 de octubre de 2018. (Fuente:
Kyushu EPCO; usado con permiso).
en Kyushu. El sistema consta de
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Oferta y demanda (GW)

flexible de las unidades de almacenamiento por bombeo
(300 MW × 6; 250 MW × 2), cuatro ejes de turbinas de gas
de ciclo combinado (TGCC), que se componen de una turbina de combustión y una turbina de vapor con tiempos de
arranque más cortos, se sincronizan en un intervalo corto

tabla 2. La operación de restricción de la generación renovable de Kyushu.
2018

2019

Octubre

Noviembre

Diciembre

Enero

Febrero

Marzo

Abril

Mayo

Junio

Número de
operaciones

4

44

0

1

1

16

20

10

0

Restricción
máxima (GW)

0.93

0.93

-

0.35

0.44

1.8

2.57

1.9

-

Restricciones
por unidad

5-6

8-9

(Fuente: Kyushu EPCO; usado con permiso).

1) Datos del satélite
meteorológico

Predicción de salida

Satélite

2) Predicciones de insolación 3) Datos de insolación
4) Predicción de salida por sitio
de 47 sitios (aumentó
pasados (mismo mes)
de ocho sitios por
y últimos cambios
Resultados anteriores (basados en ocho sitios)
prefectura)
Resultados mejorados (basados en 47 sitios)
Corrección

Insolación

figura 6. Una predicción de salida de generación FV mejorada. (Fuente: Kyushu EPCO; usado con permiso).
58	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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