IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 61

se muestra en las zonas rosadas,
están actualmente sujetas a restricciones de generación renovable. Entre estos 4.8 GW de FV,
un total de 1.7 GW se puede controlar de forma remota, mientras
que aproximadamente 2,000 unidades, que equivalen a un total de
3.1 GW, no pueden.
Las figuras 11 y 12 muestran
el sistema de gestión de generación renovable y su proceso. Esta
disposición proporciona al operador del sistema la capacidad de
restricción requerida basada en
datos en tiempo real para el equilibrio de la oferta y la demanda,
incluida la producción de generación renovable. El sistema también proporciona órdenes de restricción de generación renovable
a generadores en todas las clases
de tensión, al tiempo que mantiene la equidad en términos de
la cantidad de veces/días que se
imponen restricciones a cada unidad. Cuando se automatizan, las
órdenes de limitación se envían a
los sistemas de control FV en el

tabla 3. Las unidades FV y el número de sistemas con restricción de
generación renovable en línea para demostración.

Capacidad
objetivo

Instalaciones Instalaciones
en el año
en el año
fiscal 2015
fiscal 2016

Capacidad
Instalaciones acumulada
en el año
en marzo de
fiscal 2017
2017

66 kV o
menos

390 (20)

72 (2)

110 (3)

204 (14)

386 (19)

Menos de
66 kV

10 (1)

3 (2)

0 (0)

5 (1)

8 (3)

Total

400 (21)

75 (4)

110 (3)

209 (15)

394 (22)

Categoría

Las entradas de la tabla muestran megavatios, con el número de sistemas entre
paréntesis. (Fuente: Kyushu EPCO; usado con permiso).

tabla 4. Los sistemas FV en Kyushu.
Control manual fuera
de línea (unidades antiguas)

Control automático en línea
(unidades nuevas)

66 kV y más

47 unidades

730 MW

26* unidades

470* MW

Media
tensión

≥500 kW

2,000 unidades

2,340 MW

312 unidades

340 MW

<500 KW

2,000 unidades

400 MW

402 unidades

90 MW

Baja
tensión

≥10 kW

6,300 unidades

1,750 MW

25,000 unidades

840 MW

<10 kW

29,700 unidades

1,330 MW

74,000 unidades

410 MW

Las zonas rosadas muestran objetivos para la restricción de la generación renovable, a
partir de junio de 2019. (Fuente: Kyushu EPCO; usado con permiso).
*Estas cifras incluyen 19 unidades de 400 MW bajo la antigua regla.

Pantalla de monitoreo de generación FV

Una pantalla grande para monitorear
la generación FV actual

Pantalla de reducción
Calcula la reducción necesaria
de generación renovable
utilizando el balance de oferta/demanda
pronosticado y potencia de generación
renovable

Pantalla de control
y supervisión de la restricción
Calcula la potencia de generación
renovable futura basándose en los
datos meteorológicos más recientes

Pantalla de monitoreo
de oferta y demanda
Supervisa la restricción de la
generación renovable actual
y las condiciones
de oferta/demanda

figura 11. El sistema de gestión de generación renovable en la sala de despacho de carga. (Fuente: Kyushu EPCO; usado
con permiso).
noviembre/diciembre 2020	

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

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