IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 67

(¥/kWh)

yenes en 2019, aunque el gobierno ha declarado un límite a los Restricciones de la red
recargos totales de 3.1 billones de yenes, con un aumento del Las restricciones de la red a menudo provienen del hecho de
8 % en la cuota anual de generación renovable.
que las centrales FV están ubicadas principalmente en áreas
Las razones claras del aumento
de los recargos son las tarifas FIT,
45
históricamente caras. La figura 21
muestra la disminución de las tariEólica (offshore)
fas FIT y los futuros " objetivos de
40
Precio objetivo para
precios " a través de las catego2030: ¥ 8-9 (solo
rías de generación renovable. Las
inferior fijo)
tarifas FIT para la generación FV
35
inferior a 10 kW y superior o igual
a 10 kW, que comenzaron en 42 y
40 yenes/kWh respectivamente,
Hidroeléctrica (200~1,000 kW)
30
son de 24 y 14 yenes/kWh (en
Geotérmica (~15 MW)
2019). Por otro lado, muchos contratos de 10 años de energía FV
25
instalada en tejados alcanzaron su
Solar (<10 kw)
Biomasa (biomasa leñosa, ~20 MW)
Precio objetivo para
límite de terminación en octubre
Eólica (en tierra)
2025: precio de mercado
20 Precio objetivo para
de 2019. La gestión sostenible del
2030: ¥ 8-9
despliegue de energía renovable
después de que el programa FIT
15
actual sea reemplazado por un
nuevo programa de despliegue de
Solar (≥10 kw)
energía renovable es un área de
Precio objetivo para
10
2025: ¥ 7
enfoque importante de la política
energética de Japón. La asequibilidad y la economía de la energía
5
renovable están estrechamente
relacionadas con las restricciones
de la red y la mayor necesidad de
0
restricción/flexibilidad de la gene2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
ración a través de los costos de
(Año fiscal)
inversión en infraestructura y la
restricción de la generación de figura 21. La reducción histórica de las tarifas FIT de energía renovable (US$ 1 = ¥
energía renovable.
107). (Fuente: METI; usado con permiso).

(Para uso de emergencia)
Capacidad
instalada

(Para uso de emergencia)

Eólica
Capacidad
operativa

Paso 2

Capacidad
adicional potencial

Paso 1

46 GW
Paso 3

FV solar
Térmica
(a)

Eólica

FV solar

Térmica

(b)

figura 22. La asignación de capacidad de línea según el proceso japonés Connect and Manage. (a) La operación anterior
de la red. (b) La nueva operación de la red. Paso 1: Realizar una evaluación probabilística de cada generador. Paso 2:
Liberar la capacidad mediante interdisparos en condiciones de emergencia. Paso 3: Obtener acceso a la red sin mejoras a
través de las condiciones de restricción. (Fuente: METI; usado con permiso).
noviembre/diciembre 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 120
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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