IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 69

30

Carga
Límite de carga
Cantidad de carga

20

Cantidad y límite de
carga y descarga (GWh/h)

Cantidad y límite de
carga y descarga (GWh/h)

30

10
0
-10

1

5

9

13

17

21

-20

Carga

Cantidad de carga

20
10
0
-10

1

5

-20

Descarga

-30

Descarga

-30
CL1

CL2

CL3

Límite de carga

CL4

9

120

120
Demanda (GWh/h)

Demanda (GWh/h)

140

100
80
60
40
20
5

9

13

Restricción

21

CL5
(b)

140

1

17

Límite de descarga
Cantidad de descarga

(a)

0

13

17
VE

100
80
60
40
20
0

21

1
Carga original

(c)

5

Carga neta

9

13

17

21

Carga neta ajustada
(d)

figura 24. La flexibilidad proporcionada por la carga/descarga inteligente de vehículos eléctricos (1 de abril, 10 áreas de
equilibrio en Japón). (a) Carga y descarga de carga sin controlar. (b) Carga y descarga controladas en hogares y oficinas.
(c) Carga y restricción de carga sin controlar. (d) Carga y restricción de carga y descarga controladas en hogares y oficinas.
Clústeres (CL) 1-5: Los límites de capacidad de carga y descarga de cinco grupos de vehículos eléctricos según los patrones de uso.

8

Capacidad (GW)

6
4
2
0
-2

1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23

-4
Hora del día

Petróleo
Calor y energía combinados
Gas
HPWH
Carbón
VE
Bioenergía
Hidroeléctrica
Almacenamiento por bombeo
Generación por bombeo
Eólica
FV
Solicitud de flexibilidad ascendente
Solicitud de flexibilidad descendente

figura 25. Un ejemplo de un análisis óptimo de la oferta y la demanda, que incluye un equilibrio entre la flexibilidad
terciaria y lenta frente a un error de pronóstico extremo en Kyushu en abril.
noviembre/diciembre 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

69



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 118
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 120
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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