IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 71

paración con el requerimiento para los generadores en los
códigos de red desarrollados por la Red Europea de Gestores
de Redes de Transmisión. El código de conexión en revisión es para prescribir servicios de frecuencia para unidades térmicas mayores o iguales a 100 MW, mientras que los
códigos de conexión a la red existentes especifican funciones
limitadas para centrales eólicas, tales como control de límite
de desviación de producción, control de tormentas y control
de caída de generación, bajo la estructura institucional existente. Para las FV, la Asociación de Energía FV de Japón y la
Asociación de Fabricantes Eléctricos de Japón han comenzado a trabajar juntas para desarrollar nuevos requerimientos para el código de conexión a la red.

Conclusión
En Japón, el gran despliegue sin balance geográfico de energía renovable, especialmente la generación FV en Kyushu,
ha planteado varios desafíos para el funcionamiento del
sistema eléctrico. Los operadores del sistema han desarrollado e implementado rápidamente nuevos procedimientos
para asegurar un suministro de energía estable. Las áreas de
innovación incluyen pronóstico y gestión de la generación
renovable, operaciones de oferta y demanda, operaciones de
distribución, control FV en línea y capacitación del personal.
Aunque este artículo no describió el tema en profundidad,
con una progresiva desregulación de la estructura comercial
de la industria de la energía, la penetración de la generación
renovable también está causando muchos desafíos institucionales, incluidos los frecuentes precios de ¥ 0 en el mercado
mayorista. Los crecientes niveles de penetración de la generación renovable también traen nuevos problemas con respecto
a la operación reducida de máquinas síncronas y exacerban
los problemas relacionados con la adecuación del suministro. Necesitamos hacer todo lo posible para lograr un futuro
sistema energético estable, asequible, sostenible y seguro
mediante una planificación, inversión y operación eficientes
mediante la mejora de las tecnologías y las instituciones.

Agradecimientos
Los autores agradecen a METI por el suministro de materiales sobre reuniones de consejos gubernamentales relevantes,
cifras y otra información.

Lecturas complementarias
K. Ogimoto, K. Ohbayashi y K. Asano, " Progress and future
of Japan's PV deployment " (Progreso y futuro del desplie-

noviembre/diciembre 2020	

gue FV de Japón), in Proc. Solar Integration Workshop, n.º
272, 2016.
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI),
" Long-term energy supply and demand outlook " (Perspectivas de la oferta y la demanda de energía a largo plazo),
Tokyo, 2015. [En línea]. Disponible: http://www.meti.go.jp/
english/press/2015/0716_01.html
METI, " The second interim report of the subcommittee
on Massive Integration of RE and Next-Generation Electric
Power Network, " (El segundo informe provisional del subcomité sobre integración masiva de energía renovable y red
de potencia eléctrica de próxima generación), (en japonés),
Tokyo, 2019. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www.meti.go.jp/
shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/saisei_kano/20190128_-
report.html
METI, " 23th Working Group on Grid Connection of Renewable Energy: Improvements of RE curtailment process "
(23º grupo de trabajo sobre conexión a la red de Energía
renovable: mejoras en el proceso de restricción de ER), (en
japonés), Tokio, 2019. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www
.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/shoene_shinene/shin_energy/
keito_wg/pdf/023_07_00.pdf
Y. Iwafune, K. Ogimoto y H. Azuma, " Integration of EV
into the electric power system based on results of road trac census, energies-12-01849 " (Integración de vehículos eléctricos
en el sistema eléctrico con base a los resultados del censo de
tráfico vial, energías-12-01849), Energies, vol. 12, n.º 10, págs.
1-21, 2019. [En línea]. Disponible: https://econpapers.repec
.org/article/gamjeners/
K. Ogimoto, J. Fonseca Jr., K. Kataoka, H. Azuma y
A. Isonaga, " General flexibility model analysis for mass
PV deployment, solar integration " (Análisis del modelo de flexibilidad general para el despliegue masivo de
energía FV, integración solar), in Proc. 9th Solar and
Storage Integration Workshop, Dublín, Irlanda, 2019. [En
línea]. Disponible: https://solarintegrationworkshop.org/
dublin2019/program/

Biografías
Kazuhiko Ogimoto pertenece a la Universidad de Tokio,
Japón.
Hiroshi Wani pertenece a Kyushu Electric Power Co.,
Inc., Fukuoka, Japón.


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http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2015/0716_01.html http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2015/0716_01.html https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/saisei_kano/20190128_report.html https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/saisei_kano/20190128_report.html https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/denryoku_gas/saisei_kano/20190128_report.html https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/shoene_shinene/shin_energy/keito_wg/pdf/023_07_00.pdf https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/shoene_shinene/shin_energy/keito_wg/pdf/023_07_00.pdf https://www.meti.go.jp/shingikai/enecho/shoene_shinene/shin_energy/keito_wg/pdf/023_07_00.pdf https://econpapers.repec.org/article/gamjeners/ https://econpapers.repec.org/article/gamjeners/ https://solarintegrationworkshop.org/dublin2019/program/ https://solarintegrationworkshop.org/dublin2019/program/

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

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