IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 76

fuerte caída en las conexiones de nuevos sistemas FV y, en
consecuencia, una severa contracción de las industrias con
actividades en esta área.
En este punto, es importante mencionar que antes de
que la tormenta tropical Delta azotara Tenerife a fines de
noviembre de 2005, la red eléctrica de Canarias estaba
integrada verticalmente, y Endesa, la empresa de servicios
públicos, se encargaba del suministro eléctrico. Este evento
meteorológico produjo un parcial, pero grave apagón en la
isla, y la recuperación tomó aproximadamente una semana.
Dado que la principal causa del apagón fue la caída de algunas torres de la red de transmisión, los dirigentes canarios
persuadieron al gobierno español para que aprobara una
normativa que otorgara a la REE la operación de los seis
sistemas eléctricos y, luego de las negociaciones con Endesa,
la propiedad de toda la infraestructura de transmisión a una
tensión igual y superior a 66 kV así como cualquier gran
generador eléctrico que inyectase a la red (2011), como en la
península española. Este nuevo escenario ayuda a la REE a

45 MW
259 GWh
4.92 MW
4 MW
15 MW

ser proactiva en la construcción de nuevas subestaciones y
en la repotenciación de muchas líneas de transmisión y subestaciones para inyectar la generación de energía renovable
de multimegavatios a la red.
La mayor parte de la capacidad FV estaba muy concentrada en áreas definidas, habiendo evitado el desarrollo en
paralelo con la generación distribuida en áreas urbanas porque las grandes centrales eléctricas FV son más atractivas
para los grandes inversores que buscan terrenos económicos
(de los cuales hay una gran cantidad en las zonas semiáridas
al sudeste de cada isla) y porque, en ese momento (20052008), no era atractivo a nivel económico construir nuevas
líneas de red. De hecho, Tenerife tiene la mayor penetración
FV, y la mayor parte de los 106 MW de capacidad instalada
se concentra en dos subestaciones de 66/20 kV conectadas a
una línea preexistente de 66 kV.
Algunos inversionistas en energía FV son entidades
públicas porque regulan la tierra disponible y entienden que
la energía eólica y otras energías renovables pueden ofrecer

Carga máxima anual 2018
Demanda anual 2018
Capacidad eólica
Capacidad FV
Capacidad de bombeo
(Rojo: proyectada)

100 MVA

8 MW
42 WWh
11.5 MW
0.031 MW
11.32 MW

Lanzarote

1 × 66 kV
1 × 132 kv, 90 MVA

12 MW
73 GWh
0.36 MW
0.008 MW

2 × 66 kV
50 MVA

Interconexión
proyectada

578 MW
3,514 GWh
196 MW
106 MW
200 MW

254 MW
1,551 GWh
51 MW
19 MW
Fuerteventura

100 MVA

549 MW
3,403 GWh
173 MW
36 MW
200 MW

: 220 kV
: 66 kV

figura 3. Los circuitos de transmisión y los parámetros principales de las redes eléctricas de Canarias. La casilla con el
borde de color rojo oscuro es la clave de la información transmitida por las casillas con bordes rojo claro, el texto rojo
indica los sistemas de bombeo estudiados. Las casillas amarillas proporcionan los principales parámetros de las interconexiones en funcionamiento o en revisión. Solamente se espera repotenciar la interconexión entre Fuerteventura y Lanzarote
en el corto plazo. (Fuente: REE y el gobierno español, elaboración del autor).
76	

ieee power & energy magazine	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 126
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 127
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com