IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 78

Lanzarote
Fuerteventura

Gran
Canaria
(a)

Tenerife

0

45.8

11.8
11.8
12.1

5.33

12.2

17.1

Total (MW)

252

144

303

256

10

8
2.38

0

20

4.6

100

30

0.4
0.4

42
71

200

110

300

122
210

400

39.2

560

40

500
227
260

Total (MW)

600

50

11.3
11.3

664
553

700

industrial en Canarias. De hecho, algunos prototipos están
siendo financiados por la UE y probados en Gran Canaria,
además de algunos dispositivos de energía marina. No obstante, las zonas costeras de Canarias están estrictamente
protegidas y el agua cerca de la costa en la mayoría de las
islas es profunda (figura 5), por lo que pueden ser necesarias
turbinas eólicas flotantes.
A septiembre de 2019, la REE había otorgado permisos
de acceso (luego de verificar que existiera suficiente capacidad disponible en el nodo) y conexiones (luego de analizar

714

tribunales entre 2004 y 2014, un auge de la energía FV entre
2005 y 2008 que elevó la generación de energía renovable
total a 160 MW, y una nueva oleada de energía eólica entre
2017 y 2018 que aumentó el total a aproximadamente 435
MW después de una subasta pública en 2017. Además, se
esperan nuevas centrales eólicas (183.3 MW) antes de 2022.
La energía eólica offshore recibe una especial consideración
en la EECAN, que proyecta que se instalarán 300 MW de
centrales eólicas offshore hacia 2025, ya que la generación
eólica offshore es vista como una oportunidad para el sector

La Palma

Gomera

El Hierro

(b)

Instalada enero 2017
Instalada diciembre 2018
Planificada para 2025

Demanda máxima 2018
Demanda durante carga mínima 2018

figura 4. Los indicadores principales de la capacidad de la energía FV y eólica para los sistemas eléctricos en (a) Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria y Tenerife, y (b) La Palma, Gomera y El Hierro. (Fuente: REE y el gobierno de las Islas
Canarias, elaboración del autor).

-3,700 m

-30 m
-1,022 m

-2,272 m
-1,555 m

-2,668 m

-3,065 m

figura 5. Un mapa batimétrico de las Islas Canarias, incluida la profundidad mínima entre las islas. (Fuente: Gobierno de
las Islas Canarias).
78	

ieee power & energy magazine	

noviembre/diciembre 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 118
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 120
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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