IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 83

colocado generadores de imágenes desde el cielo de bajo
costo (menos de US$ 500 cada uno) en dos de las Islas Canarias en áreas donde se encuentran la mayor cantidad de sistemas FV (figura 8) y se instalaron en pares para calcular la
altura de la base de las nubes al menor costo en comparación
con otras tecnologías. Los pronósticos se realizan con imágenes obtenidas cada 10 s, y el algoritmo aprende al comparar la energía FV registrada en las subestaciones donde las
centrales FV de multimegavatios inyectan energía a la red.
El objetivo es ofrecer servicios de advertencia en lugar de un
pronóstico FV preciso, ya que es muy difícil obtener tasas
de error bajas en días parcialmente nublados, pero resulta
sencillo ofrecer información cautelar, como análisis cuantitativo, a las unidades eléctricas convencionales, lo cual es
útil para ahorrar costos de combustible.

Conclusiones
Las Islas Canarias están de vuelta en la carrera para alcanzar
el 100 % de energía renovable porque las fuentes solares y
eólicas son abundantes. El nuevo gobierno planea alcanzar la
descarbonización total de la economía hacia 2040. Se están
enfrentando con el desafío más importante: un sólido plan
energético regional respaldado por el gobierno español que
describa los pasos necesarios para alcanzar este objetivo. En
breve, se responderán importantes preguntas sobre la relación óptima entre la generación de escala distribuida frente
a la de la empresa de servicios públicos, cómo garantizar un
suministro de energía 24/7, cómo almacenar energía en las
diferentes islas, dónde colocar la nueva infraestructura energética, cómo modificar la normativa actual para acelerar los
procesos de obtención de permisos, cómo atraer la inversión
privada y cómo crear una tecnología local permanente y sectores empresariales que apoyen esta transición y la amplíen a
los países vecinos de África.

del consumo eléctrico del sector turístico y su costo en los
sistemas eléctricos insulares subsidiados: el caso de las Islas
Canarias, España) Energy Policy, vol. 132, págs. 839-853,
Sept. 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.06.032.
" Plan Energético de Canarias (PECAN) " , Gobierno de
Canarias. Islas Canarias, España. Consultado: 31 de agosto
de 2020.[En línea]. Disponible: https://www.gobiernodeca
narias.org/energia/temas/planificacion/pecan/index.html
" Estrategia Energética de Canarias 2015-2025 " , Cabildo de Lanzarote, 2017. [En línea]. Disponible: http://www
.datosdelan​zarote.com/itemDetalles.asp?idFamilia=18&idItem=7848
" Declaración de Emergencia Climática en la Comunidad
Autónoma de Canarias " , Gobierno de Canarias, España, 2019.
Consultado: 31 de agosto de 2020.[En línea]. Disponible:
https://www3.gobiernodecanarias.org/noticias/wp-content/
uploads/2019/08/190830_Acuerdo_Declaracion_Emergencia
_Climatica.pdf location: Fecha de las Islas Canarias:
31/08/2020
" Desarrollo de las redes de transporte de electricidad
2015-2020, España " . Consultado: 31 de agosto de 2020.
[En línea]. Disponible: https://energia.gob.es/planificacion/
Planificacionelectricid​adygas/desarrollo2015-2020/Paginas/
desarrollo.aspx Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el
Reto Demográfico
A. Marrero et al., " Gorona del Viento-Hydro Power Plant:
Results, improvement actuations and next steps " (Central
Hidroeléctrica de Gorona del Viento: resultados, actuaciones de mejora y pasos a seguir), en Proc. 3.º Int. Taller de
sistemas eléctricos híbridos, Tenerife, España, 8-9 de mayo
de 2018. [En línea]. Disponible: https://hybridpowersystems
.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2018/05/1_2_TENE18_036
_paper_Marrero_Agustin.pdf

Lecturas complementarias

Biografía

I. Nuez y J. Osorio, " Calculation of tourist sector electricity consumption and its cost in subsidised insular electrical
systems: The case of the Canary Islands, Spain " (Cálculo

Ricardo Guerrero Lemus pertenece a la Universidad de La
Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias.
p&e


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ieee power & energy magazine 	

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https://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/energia/temas/planificacion/pecan/index.html https://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/energia/temas/planificacion/pecan/index.html http://www http://www.zarote.com/itemDetalles.asp?idFamilia=18&idI https://www3.gobiernodecanarias.org/noticias/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/190830_Acuerdo_Declaracion_Emergencia_Climatica.pdf https://www3.gobiernodecanarias.org/noticias/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/190830_Acuerdo_Declaracion_Emergencia_Climatica.pdf https://www3.gobiernodecanarias.org/noticias/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/190830_Acuerdo_Declaracion_Emergencia_Climatica.pdf https://energia.gob.es/planificacion/Planificacionelectricid%20adygas/desarrollo2015-2020/Paginas/desarrollo.aspx https://energia.gob.es/planificacion/Planificacionelectricid%20adygas/desarrollo2015-2020/Paginas/desarrollo.aspx https://energia.gob.es/planificacion/Planificacionelectricid%20adygas/desarrollo2015-2020/Paginas/desarrollo.aspx https://hybridpowersystems.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2018/05/1_2_TENE18_036_paper_Marrero_Agustin.pdf https://hybridpowersystems.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2018/05/1_2_TENE18_036_paper_Marrero_Agustin.pdf https://hybridpowersystems.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2018/05/1_2_TENE18_036_paper_Marrero_Agustin.pdf

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

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