IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 84

©SHUTTERSTOCK.COM/KAMPAN

Sobre buen
comportamiento

L

LA INTEGRACIÓN DE MAYORES CANTIDADES DE
centrales eléctricas de energía fotovoltaica (FV) más extensas plantea varios desafíos a la protección del sistema de distribución tradicional. Dos consideraciones importantes son
gestionar la retroalimentación y coordinar la respuesta del
inversor a condiciones anormales.
Con las actualizaciones de 2018 al Estándar 1547 del IEEE,
las fuentes de energía distribuida (FED) deben ser capaces
de brindar soporte a la red eléctrica tanto en condiciones de
estado estacionario como anormales. La necesidad de continuar operando durante eventos de tensión y frecuencia ha centrado la atención en la coordinación de la protección. En este
artículo, abordamos varios problemas prácticos de protección

protecciones
en la red de
inversores para
la integración
fotovoltaica
distribuida

con las centrales FV conectadas a inversores, como la sobretensión temporal, la contribución de fallas y el arco eléctrico,
la respuesta a eventos monofásicos del alimentador y la prevención del modo de isla y prácticas de reconexión.
Recurrimos a experiencias de campo para identificar circunstancias y problemas típicos, así como para sugerir prácticas para evitar algunos problemas y opciones para mitigar
otros. Además, analizamos el monitoreo eléctrico y la recopilación de datos de FED para la visibilidad y como modelación de entrada para pronosticar su rendimiento. También
identificamos la necesidad de contar con herramientas analíticas para detectar algún riesgo del modo de isla, verificar
ajustes/respuestas y evaluar la conexión a tierra.

Por Tom Key, Gefei " Derek " Kou y Michael Jensen
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.3014747
Fecha de la versión actual: 16 de octubre de 2020

84

ieee power & energy magazine

1540-7977/20©2020IEEE

noviembre/diciembre 2020


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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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