IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 109

Energía
activa (MW)

1,000
500
0
4

6

8

10

12

8

10

12

8

10

12

8

10

12

Energía
reactiva (Mvar)

Tiempo (s)

500
0
4

6

Tensión
(pu)

Tiempo (s)
1.5
1
0.5
4

6

Frecuencia
eléctrica

Tiempo (s)
60
40
20
0

4

6
Tiempo (s)
Sin FR

Con FR

gráfico 4. Los resultados de la simulación demuestran que una IBPS FR en una parte de los servicios públicos de Norteamérica puede garantizar una estabilidad de una pequeña señal del sistema tras el funcionamiento en modo de isla de esa
parte de la red principal. A los 4 s, todo el sistema se convierte en uno totalmente inversor. En el caso sin inversores de
FR, los controladores no pueden garantizar un funcionamiento estable. A los 8 s, se aplica una falla franca trifásica en este
sistema conformado en su totalidad por inversores.

noviembre/diciembre 2019

0.6
Potencia activa (pu)

Los servicios auxiliares u otros enfoques basados en
el mercado deben desarrollarse para asignar valor a los
beneficios del sistema de la tecnología FR, de manera
similar al soporte de frecuencia y los servicios de arranque autógeno. En este caso, el mercado decide de manera
más efectiva cómo administrar el costo de desarrollo e
implementación. Otro incentivo es permitir que los desarrolladores accedan a ubicaciones de la red con la SCR
más baja que no puede ser cubierta de manera segura por
la tecnología SR.
La clave es que los fabricantes, los operadores de la red
y los responsables de formular políticas mantengan un diálogo sobre las condiciones mediante las cuales se necesita
la tecnología de FR y su rendimiento esperado. Los fabricantes pueden entonces desarrollar nuevas capacidades,
equilibrando los objetivos de rendimiento y los costos de la
manera más eficaz. Los fabricantes también deben trabajar
estrechamente con los operadores y desarrolladores de la red
para comprender cómo aprovechar mejor la nueva capacidad
en diferentes situaciones, ya sea a través de la simulación o

Caso de prueba 3
VSC2
VSC1

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.5

1

1.5

2

Tiempo (s)

gráfico 5. Una comparación de la respuesta de FR (VSC1)
y SR (VSC2) a un incremento de la carga. VSC: convertidor
de fuente de tensión.

la práctica operativa. Este diálogo iterativo es vital para optimizar la efectividad de toda capacidad técnica adicional y,
en especial, para administrar el costo de la implementación
de la tecnología de FR.
ieee power & energy magazine

109



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 4
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 134
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover4
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