IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 120

CC de UHV

CA de UHV

CA-750 Kv

CC de UHV en construcción
CA de UHV en construcción

gráfico 7. El sistema de transmisión de UHV en China (2018).

80

71.3

Energía (TWh)

70
60

49.2

50
40

29.4

30

19

20
10
0

36.3

10
0.3

1.5

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Año

gráfico 8. El crecimiento del intercambio de energía va-
riable entre regiones en el área de la SGCC.

Esfuerzo limitado pero efectivo orientado al
mercado de comercialización de GV
En marzo de 2015, el Consejo de Estado publicó "Varias
opiniones sobre la profundización de la reforma del sistema
eléctrico", que marca el inicio de una nueva ronda de reformas de mercado chino. El país ha explorado una serie de
pasos comerciales para promover la integración de GV.
Como todavía no se ha establecido un mercado eléctrico
maduro, sigue existiendo una brecha entre estas prácticas y
120

ieee power & energy magazine

las medidas del mercado eléctrico de los países con mercados maduros. Pero están surgiendo varias prácticas.
Comercio bilateral entre productores de GV y usuarios
de electricidad

El comercio bilateral entre los productores de GV y los usuarios de electricidad permite comprar y vender electricidad
entre empresas de GV, usuarios comerciales e industriales,
y algunas compañías. Las empresas de la red de energía
brindan servicios de transmisión y distribución de energía
y solo cobran las tarifas de transmisión y distribución. Esto
disminuye el costo de compra de electricidad para los usuarios finales, el cual tradicionalmente era establecido por el
gobierno, y facilita la integración de GV. En 2018, se alojaron 2.7 TWh de comercio directo de GV entre provincias de
GV y 27.7 TWh de comercio directo de GV entre provincias
dentro de la región operativa de la SGCC.
Comercialización de GV entre regiones

El comercio de energía de GV entre regiones se refiere al
comercio orientado al mercado llevado a cabo entre empresas de GV de regiones con un excedente en la generación de
energía y empresas de redes de energía en otras regiones.
Este comercio incluye el de mediano/largo plazo, de corto
plazo e intradiario. La comercialización del día en adelanto
noviembre/diciembre 2019



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover4
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