IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 21

en esta nación, es solo cuestión de
cuándo", dijo en la convención en San
Diego, California. Me voló la cabeza.
Luego, en diciembre de 2018, Xcel
hizo otro anuncio en el que afirmaba
que se comprometía a un suministro de
energía 100 % limpia en todo su territorio de ocho estados hacia el 2050, por
primera vez para la industria. La compañía tenía una idea bastante buena de
cómo reducir las emisiones de carbono
en un 80 % hacia el 2030. No estaba
muy segura de cómo iba a eliminar el
último 20 %, pero no iba a dejar que
eso la detuviera.
Para hacer la cuestión más interesante, Jim Robo, el CEO de NextEra
Energy, hizo su propio anuncio deslumbrante en su teleconferencia sobre
los estados financieros en enero de
2019. Él predijo que la energía solar
y eólica más el almacenamiento será
más barato que el carbón, el petróleo
o la energía nuclear a principios de la
próxima década, esto será enormemente perjudicial para la flota convencional
y brindará oportunidades a los desarrolladores durante la próxima década. A
continuación se muestran los costos no
subsidiados que Robo anticipa a principios de la próxima década:
✔ energía eólica nueva sin subsidio
a USD 0.02-0.025/kWh
✔ energía solar nueva sin subsidio
a USD 0.025-0.03/kWh
✔ el almacenamiento agregará
USD 0.005-0.01/kWh al costo
de la energía solar
✔ el costo promedio más bajo de
una planta de gas de ciclo combinado será de aproximadamente
USD 0.04/kWh, lo que no tiene
en cuenta la incertidumbre en el
costo del combustible.
Lo curioso es que estos costos ya se
están logrando en muchos lugares hoy
en día.
Es evidente que las energías renovables son el camino del futuro. El incentivo para descarbonizar es fuerte, la
evidencia para respaldar la necesidad es
abrumadora y es solo cuestión de tiempo antes de que ocurra. A falta de un liderazgo federal y con un amplio apoyo
público, los responsables de formular
noviembre/diciembre 2019

políticas estatales lideran el camino y
las empresas de servicios públicos con
visión de futuro se les
unen. Luego de que
la sociedad se haya
pronunciado, nuestro
trabajo como ingenieros de sistemas
energéticos es diseñar
y operar sistemas que
logren los objetivos de
la sociedad de la manera más económica y
confiable posible. Los
artículos de esta edición proporcionan un
informe de estado de
todo el mundo sobre
lo que se lleva a cabo
para ayudar a facilitar la transición a la
nueva combinación energética del futuro. Desde inversores formadores de red,
hasta nuevas fuentes de flexibilidad

y la evolución del diseño del mercado
eléctrico, todas las cosas que creíamos
saber se cuestionan a
medida que exploramos el camino hacia
el futuro.
Una de las cosas
interesantes de este
camino es que sigue
una ruta similar en la
mayoría de los países
del mundo. Aunque
es cierto que algunos
países se encuentran
en diferentes etapas
de desarrollo, todos
consideran un futuro
energético sostenible
como objetivo final.
Algunos pueden depender en los ingresos fósiles por más tiempo que otros,
pero la dirección en la que nos dirigimos es innegable. En los ocho artículos

Existe un movimiento inexorable de la
sociedad hacia
la descarbonización del
suministro de
energía.

ieee power & energy magazine

21


http://trakkasystems.com

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 6
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover4
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