IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 69

Margen de reserva de planificación de verano de ERCOT ( %)
Informe de mayo del año anterior

45

42.6 %
40
35
32.5 %
30
26 %
20.1 %

18.9 %
17.5 %

14.8 %

15
13.3 %

17 %

16.5 % 17.1 %

13.6 %

13.8 %
14.3 %

12.6 %

18.2 %

14.3 %

11 %

10

2018

2017

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2001

0

2002

5

Mayo de 2019
Actualización

2016

El margen de reserva previsto es del 13.75 %

8.6 %

2020

23 %
20

2019

(%)

25

Año

gráfico 2. Los márgenes de reserva de ERCOT cayeron notablemente.

noviembre/diciembre 2019

0
<1
00
<1
10
<1
20
<1
30
<1
40
<1
50
>1
50

0

<9

0

<8

<7

0

0

<6

0

<5

0

<4

<3

0

<2

0

<1

<0

Duración (%)

europeas similares para equilibrar productos. Los mercados adquisición de servicios del sistema para la prestación de
intradiarios han sido especialmente importantes, mostrándose servicios de cualquier tecnología. Este marco ha facilitado
la industria reacia a realizar cambios significativos (por ejem- una transformación fundamental de la capacidad que tieplo, tarifas de alimentación y suministro prioritario) antes de nen las plantas existentes, incluida la reducción de más de
que se introdujera un mercado intradiario líquido. Las energías 400 MW en los límites mínimos de generación, incentivos
eólica y solar están participando
cada vez más en los mercados,
siendo la causa de ello la participaCurva de duración de los precios de suministro en Australia Meridional*
16
ción obligatoria, la prevención de
Promedio de
14 Precio promedio de
AUD$90/MWh
sanciones o los ingresos por serviAUD$66/MWh
en otros momentos
12 durante intervenciones
cios auxiliares. La restricción de la
producción eólica se ha convertido
10
en una opción importante en el
8
nuevo diseño.
6
En 2007, los mercados irlan4
deses se unieron como el Único
2
Mercado de Electricidad, un mer0
cado de una sola agrupación con
mercados del día en adelanto e
intradiarios. Tiene un mecanismo
Rango de precios (AUD$/MWh)
explícito de capacidad en todo el
Precio de suministro durante la intervención
mercado para incentivar la disPrecio de suministro durante otros periodos
ponibilidad en horas de carga
máxima. También se ha reali- gráfico 3. Curva de duración de los precios durante las direcciones del sistema en
zado un trabajo significativo para Australia. El asterisco indica el precio de referencia de suministro no ajustado para
reinventar un marco apropiado de Australia Meridional durante 2018.
ieee power & energy magazine

69



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 4
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 134
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover4
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