IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 75

los participantes que pasen por el mercado de configuración
serían elegibles para recuperar costos, siempre que cumplan
con los criterios de rendimiento establecidos. Este diseño
es similar a los mercados de capacidad existentes que se
expanden significativamente con el fin de incluir atributos
por encima de su capacidad que pueden ser necesarios en el
sistema, y al mismo tiempo incluyen la infraestructura de la
futura red para suministrar energía.
Un cambio de estructura adicional familiarizado con
aquellos que han sido parte de los sistemas de energía eléctrica durante décadas es el retroceso hacia un sistema completamente regulado. Si no se obtienen los beneficios de la
competencia de estos futuros sistemas energéticos y se considera que no se pueden evitar los monopolios de suministro
de energía y servicios de confiabilidad, podría ser factible
un sistema regulado. Con eso no se simplifican las cosas: la
forma en que se planifica y opera el sistema seguirá siendo
igual de compleja. En las decisiones, ya sean tomadas por
una entidad o por múltiples partes, se utilizarían los mismos
principios de ingeniería y económicos utilizados para las
inversiones y estrategias operativas para esta futura flota de
fuentes, que puede ser muy diferente de lo que actualmente
hace; y las malas decisiones seguirían dando resultados
ineficaces o poco confiables.

Resumen
Ha habido una evolución significativa en los mercados de
electricidad a nivel mundial, al igual que en sus tecnologías
constitutivas, procedimientos operativos y composición.
Todavía existen muchas preguntas sobre cómo se pueden
estructurar estos mercados para incentivar la inversión y las
decisiones operativas que conducirán a resultados económicos y confiables en sistemas de VRE muy altas. No existe
un enfoque "universal" en el diseño del mercado de electricidad, lo cual es un tema recurrente. Existen diferentes
escenarios futuros, incluidos los que pueden generar una
reducción de las emisiones de carbono. No debe elegirse un
diseño de mercado en particular por su escenario, sino que
este último debe ser el resultado de los atributos, que fueron
incentivados, y de la solución menos costosa, que surgió para
satisfacer esas necesidades. Hay muchas incógnitas, incluida
la evolución continua de las políticas y de las tecnologías
cambiantes, por lo que muchos actores deben trabajar juntos
para ayudar a gestionar este proceso y garantizar un sistema
energético confiable y económico en el futuro.

Lecturas complementarias
E. Ela et al., "Electricity markets and renewables: A survey of
potential design changes and their consequences" (Mercados
de electricidad y energías renovables: una encuesta sobre posibles cambios de diseño y sus consecuencias), IEEE Power
& Energy Mag., vol. 15, n.° 6, págs. 70-82, Nov./Dic. 2017.
M. Goggin, R. Gramlich, S. Shparber y A. Silverstein,
"Customer focused and clean: Power markets for the future" (Enfocado en el cliente y limpio: mercados energéticos
noviembre/diciembre 2019

para el futuro), Grid Strategies, LLC, Washington, D.C.,
2018. [En línea]. Disponible: https://windsolaralliance.org/
wp-content/uploads/2018/11/WSA_Market_Reform_report_online.pdf
B. Gerke G. Gallo, J. Liu, M. A. Piette y P. Schwartz,
"Shift demand response: A primer" (Respuesta a la demanda
de cambio: el manual), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkely, California, 2018. [En línea]. Disponible: https://gridworks.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Shift-Demand-Response-Primer_Final_180227.pdf
"Evaluation of wholesale energy price spikes in U.S. electricity markets" (Evaluación del alza de precios de la energía
mayorista en los mercados de electricidad de EE. UU.), Instituto de Investigación de Energía Eléctrica, Palo Alto, CA,
Rep. 3002013886, 2018.
S. Newell, R. Carroll, P. Ruiz y W. Gorman, "Cost-benefit analysis of ERCOT's Future Ancillary Services (FAS)
proposal" (Análisis costo-beneficio de la propuesta de futuros servicios auxiliares (FAS) de ERCOT), The Brattle
Group, Inc., Boston, MA dic. de 2015. [En línea]. Disponible: http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/455490/
Oil+Gas+Electricity/CostBenefit+Analysis+Of+ERCOTs+
Future+Ancillary+Services+FAS+Proposal
S. Corneli et al., "Wholesale electricity market design
for rapid decarbonization: Long-term markets, working
with short-term energy markets" (Diseño del mercado de
electricidad mayorista para la descarbonización rápida:
mercados a largo plazo, trabajando con mercados de energía a corto plazo), junio de 2019. [En línea]. Disponible:
https://energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/
W h ole s a le - E le c t r ic it y-M a r ke t-D e sig n - Fo r- R a p id
-Decarbonization-Long-Term-Markets-Working-WIth-Short
-Term-Energy-Markets.pdf

Biografías
Erik Ela pertenece al Instituto de Investigación de Energía
Eléctrica, Palo Alto, California.
Farhad Billimoria pertenece al Operador del Mercado
de Electricidad de Australia, Melbourne.
Kenneth Ragsdale pertenece al Consejo de Confiabilidad Eléctrica de Texas, Austin.
Sai Moorty pertenece al Consejo de Confiabilidad Eléctrica de Texas, Austin.
Jon O'Sullivan pertenece a EirGrid, Dublín, Irlanda.
Rob Gramlich pertenece a Grid Strategies, LLC, Washington, D.C.
Mark Rothleder pertenece al California Independent
System Operator, Folsom, California.
Bruce Rew pertenece al Southwest Power Pool, Little
Rock, Arkansas.
Matti Supponen perteneció a la Comisión Europea, Bruselas, Bélgica (jubilado).
Paul Sotkiewicz pertenece a E-Cubed Policy Associates,
Gainesville, Florida.
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https://www.windsolaralliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/WSA_Market_Reform_report_online.pdf https://www.windsolaralliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/WSA_Market_Reform_report_online.pdf https://www.windsolaralliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/WSA_Market_Reform_report_online.pdf http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/455490/Oil+Gas+Electricity/CostBenefit+Analysis+Of+ERCOTs+Future+Ancillary+Services+FAS+Proposal http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/455490/Oil+Gas+Electricity/CostBenefit+Analysis+Of+ERCOTs+Future+Ancillary+Services+FAS+Proposal http://www.mondaq.com/unitedstates/x/455490/Oil+Gas+Electricity/CostBenefit+Analysis+Of+ERCOTs+Future+Ancillary+Services+FAS+Proposal https://www.energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Wholesale-Electricity-Market-Design-For-Rapid-Decarbonization-Long-Term-Markets-Working-WIth-Short-Term-Energy-Markets.pdf https://www.energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Wholesale-Electricity-Market-Design-For-Rapid-Decarbonization-Long-Term-Markets-Working-WIth-Short-Term-Energy-Markets.pdf https://www.energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Wholesale-Electricity-Market-Design-For-Rapid-Decarbonization-Long-Term-Markets-Working-WIth-Short-Term-Energy-Markets.pdf https://www.energyinnovation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Wholesale-Electricity-Market-Design-For-Rapid-Decarbonization-Long-Term-Markets-Working-WIth-Short-Term-Energy-Markets.pdf

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
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