IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 81

Mientras que las turbinas de combustión de gas natural brindan
un control rápido y preciso del aumento y una gran cantidad de
flexibilidad operativa, ofrecen muy poco en términos de capacidad
de aseguramiento del combustible.

aumenta al 30 %. En el sector del transporte, el 80 % de los
vehículos son completamente eléctricos, mientras que poco
más del 15 % tienen celdas de combustible de hidrógeno.
Al analizar los futuros escenarios de la UE, es importante representar la variabilidad climática completa del continente y los eventos que se desarrollan a lo largo de varios
días, como el clima frío que coincide con una pausa en la
generación eólica y solar en todo el continente. Tales eventos
son particularmente desafiantes para los sistemas de energía con una electrificación de la calefacción a gran escala.
La flexibilidad que brinda el almacenamiento a largo plazo,
como el almacenamiento de energía térmica o los combustibles sintéticos, puede ayudar a subsanar estos periodos difíciles y mantener bajos los costos.
Una duplicación de la generación de electricidad, que, en
su mayoría, proviene de VRE, requiere un modelo detallado
de la red para analizar el impacto en el comportamiento y
los costos del sistema eléctrico. Como primer paso, además
de responder a la solicitud legal de modelado interconectado

de los sectores de la electricidad y el gas, la Red europea de
gestores de sistemas de transmisión de electricidad (ENTSO-E, por sus siglas en inglés) y la Red europea de gestores
de sistemas de transmisión de gas (ENTSOG, por sus siglas
en inglés) aplicaron escenarios desarrollados en conjunto
que profundizan los planes de desarrollo de infraestructura
para electricidad y gas. Esto permitió la investigación de
varios futuros posibles para dar una imagen más coherente
que la anterior, al tiempo que permitió la cuantificación de
los desarrollos en otros sectores.

Resultados del acoplamiento de sectores en los
Estados Unidos
En 2016, se elaboró la Estrategia de Estados Unidos de mediados de siglo para una profunda descarbonización, que exige
la casi eliminación de las emisiones de GEI hacia 2050. Esta
estrategia se concentra en la descarbonización del sector de
energía eléctrica y la electrificación del transporte, los edificios y el sector industrial, así como en el desarrollo de

Línea WI-EI

Línea ERCOT

Pacífico
12:00 p. m.

Montaña
1:00 p. m.

Central
2:00 p. m.

Centro poblado
Energía hidroeléctrica
Fuentes fósiles
Fuentes eólicas
Fuentes solares
Fuentes eólicas y solares

Oriental
3:00 p.m.

gráfico 4. Una expansión de la calidad de los recursos y una potencial transmisión de alta tensión para respaldar la integración de VRE en todos los Estados Unidos. ERCOT: Consejo de Confiabilidad Eléctrica de Texas; WI-EI: interconexión
occidental-interconexión oriental. (Fuente: Estudio de líneas de interconexión del NREL; utilizado con permiso.)
noviembre/diciembre 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 9
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - 134
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - November 2019 - Cover4
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