Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 59

the1992-93 hunting and trapping seasons whereas
the harvest was estimated at just over 40,000
coyotes during the 2012-13 seasons. This rise in
coyote harvests is largely attributed to increased
hunting and trapping effort throughout the state
rather than a dramatic increase in the coyote
population. Nonetheless, continued expansion of
coyotes into rural and agricultural habitats has
likely increased the incidental harvest of coyotes
by hunters pursuing other species. Increases in
coyote hunting and trapping activities also seem
related to a growing number of predator hunting
enthusiasts, annual increases in the number of
trappers pursuing a variety of furbearers, and
the legalization of new methods, such as cable
restraints, to harvest coyotes.
Coyotes are highly regarded as a challenging
species to hunt and trap. Because their fur is coarser and variable in coloration, eastern coyote pelts are less
valuable than those of western coyotes. It takes considerable effort to harvest large numbers of coyotes in a given
area, so the economic incentive to hunt or trap coyotes in Pennsylvania is likely not very significant.
Coyotes form breeding pairs that may stay together for several years. The social unit or family group
develops around a mated pair and its offspring. Delayed dispersal of some offspring may result in extended
family relationships beyond a year. A social group occupying a territory may include a pair of adults (generally
more than a year old), transients (aged 6-18 months), pre-dispersing sub-adults (usually less than a year old) and
non-breeding associates that are more than a year old. Observations indicate other coyotes living in a territory
might help provide food to a growing litter.
Historically, there were a variety of government-funded programs that attempted to reduce or eradicate coyote
populations in the interest of protecting livestock. Most of these efforts were limited in their effectiveness largely
because of the adaptability of coyotes and their seemingly innate ability to thrive in human-altered landscapes.
Coyotes do cause problems for farmers in Pennsylvania, particularly in terms of losses of poultry, sheep, and
to a limited extent, calves. As coyote populations continue to expand into suburbia, reports of domestic cats
and dogs being attacked and killed by coyotes have been slowly increasing. Unfortunately, many of these areas
provide limited opportunities for trappers and hunters to assist with problem animals.
Attitudes about and public perceptions of coyote populations vary throughout their range. As coyote
populations increase in a given area, hunters have concerns about impacts on game species, trappers have
concerns about coyote competition with other furbearers, such as red foxes, and landowners have concerns for the
wellbeing of their livestock and pets. Others value the coyote as an important forest predator. Because of liberal
hunting and trapping opportunities in Pennsylvania, hunters and trappers play a significant role in managing the
continued expansion of the eastern coyote.

Why We No Longer Have Bounties
Furbearer Biologist Tom Hardisky reviews our history with bounties

N

OT long after the arrival of European settlers in North America, domestic livestock became common prey
for wild predators. Animal husbandry practices at the time provided domestic stock with little protection
from predators. In addition to farm animals, elk and deer were preyed upon by timber wolves and mountain lions.
These large carnivores were in direct competition with early settlers for wild and domestic food.
At the time, it seemed logical that protection from predators was needed. In 1683, William Penn started the
first bounty system paying 10 to 15 shillings for wolf scalps. Bounties were placed on wolves periodically for
over 200 years. Mountain lion bounties of $8 per adult and $2.50 per cub were paid beginning in 1802.
Over time, the mindset of protecting innocent prey from predators became ingrained in our society. Bounty
programs were thought to provide needed protection and were expanded to include predators of small game and

2014-15 PA Hunting & Trapping Digest

59



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015

Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 5
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 6
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 7
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 8
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 9
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 10
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 11
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 12
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 13
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 14
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 15
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 16
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 17
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 18
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 19
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 20
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 21
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 22
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 23
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 24
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 25
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 26
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 27
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 28
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 29
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 30
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 31
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 32
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 33
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 34
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 35
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 36
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 37
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 38
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 39
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 40
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 41
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 42
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 43
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 44
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 45
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 46
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 47
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 48
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 49
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 50
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 51
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 52
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 53
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 54
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 55
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 56
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 57
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 58
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 59
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 60
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 61
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 62
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 63
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 64
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 65
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 67
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 68
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 69
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 70
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 72
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 74
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 75
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 76
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 77
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 78
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 79
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 80
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 81
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 82
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 83
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 84
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 85
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 86
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover4
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