Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 18

to avoid adverse impacts to those species of special concern. Avoidance measures were required or were recommended on 61 of the projects to avoid or minimize impacts to 2 federally listed species, 19 state-listed endangered or threatened species, 14 state listed species of special concern, and wetlands. Avoidance measures were required on 18 of these projects to avoid adverse impacts to upland sandpipers, short-eared owls, dickcissels, northern harriers, northern myotis, bald eagles, Swainson’s 2007-08 thrushes and marsh wrens. Maintaining optimum habitat diversity on game lands is an important goal of our Forest Habitat Management Program. Fifty-five forest habitat management projects containing 5,663 acres were offered for bid to commercial timber harvest operators during the past fiscal year. Timber contractors harvested 4,944 acres that yielded more than 18.2 million board feet of logs and 96,939 tons of pulpwood. These operations generated $11,815,603. This was a decrease of 1,298 acres, 4.1 million board feet, and $3,290,193 from the previous year, and can be attributed to a continued decline in timber market conditions. Additional forest habitat improvement projects, such as crop tree releases and intermediate thinning, resulted in 829 additional acres of improved habitat. Also, the forestry staff provided support to the ever-growing mineral recovery and right-of-way operations on 440 acres of State Game Lands. This brings the total for acres treated this year from the forest habitat management program to 6,213 acres. There were 1,722 acres treated with herbicide to remove ferns, striped maple, spicebush, low quality beech brush, and other non-native and invasive plant species that impede establishment of more beneficial tree species. A road network sufficient to carry heavy equipment and comply with the Clean Streams Act and other environmental protection regulations was designed and supervised by our regional forestry staff. Logging contractors completed 57 contracts during the year, improved 69.9 miles of haul roads, constructed 8.2 miles of new roads (which became wildlife food strips after seeding), and placed 120 culverts. The value of these on-site infrastructure improvements exceeded $717,664 and were costs borne by the timber operator and thus deducted from the totals of the timber bids. Additionally there were $701,323 worth of improvements completed through timber sale contracts, including landing and skid road seeding with wildlife mixes, parking lot construction, gate installation, and deer exclosure fencing. The emphasis of the agency has been on putting habitat on the ground. Habitat improvement cuts resulting in timber sales on game lands created various stages of plant succession and regenerate forest stands. Forest management techniques such as regeneration cuts, select thinning, and prescribed fire provided a habitat mosaic across the landscape. Depending on local wildlife needs, permanent herbaceous openings were managed as fawning grounds, nesting and brooding areas, or as seasonal food plots. In certain areas of the state, wetlands were managed for waterfowl and shorebirds through seasonal flooding. This interspersion of forested, herbaceous and wetland cover types on game lands created habitat for many wildlife species. Pheasants Forever donated food plot seed valued at $20,672 and native grass seed valued at $5,400. The agency’s Howard Nursery in Centre County produced and distributed 1,982,525 tree and shrub seedlings for wildlife food and cover plantings, and 868,875 of the seedlings distributed were sold for $136,000. Increased advertising and public program awareness efforts resulted in improved sales of seedlings and nesting boxes. 18 GAME NEWS

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009

Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009
Contents
2007-08 Annual Report
Untagged Traps
Field Notes
Conservation News
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 2007-08 Annual Report
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Untagged Traps
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2009 - Cover4
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