Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 54

meadows, swamps and wet forests. Another spikelet she showed us was that of poverty grass Danthonia spicata in which a long hair emerged from between a pair of stiff hairs or teeth at the tip of each floret. And we admired the wavy branches of rattlesnake mannagrass Glyceria canadensis — an easy way to identify this distinctive wetland grass. We shuffled onward as folks stopped to look at every grass, sedge and rush. Rushes (Family Juncaceae), Miller said, have miniature flowers with three petals and three sepals, an arrangement called tepals that enclose a capsule containing three or more seeds. As an example, she showed us soft rush Juncus effusus. This perennial native has densely clustered stems and clumps of flowers that grow from the side of the stem. Because the flowers of the soft rush “are individual, they are prophyllate, if they are in heads, they are eprophyllate,” according to Miller’s key, and that’s where the botanical terminology defeated me. I knew I would need many more hours to sort out and memorize words I had always avoided. I never had a botany course and tended to rely on pictorial field guides to identify wildflowers, as well as the more common grasses, sedges and rushes with the help of Ernest Knobel’s Field Guide to the Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of the United States and Lauren Brown’s Grasses, which also includes sedges and rushes. For an amateur like me, these guides are invaluable. Still, they do take some work and occasional glances at botanical glossaries. The rest of the plants we looked at were sedges (Family Cyperaceae), which usually have triangular solid stems, small flowers, and 1-seeded fruits or nutlets that are often called achenes. There are 15 genera of 54 sedges in Pennsylvania, 160 species of which are in the genus Carex. This is, by far, the largest genus of flowering plants in the state. A couple that we saw with Miller was Carex folliculata and Carex torta, both common native wetland perennials and both known commonly as sedge. We also looked at Scirpus cyperinus, another sedge with the common name “woolgrass,” which should explain why botanists prefer to use the scientific names. Other members of the Scirpus genus also have variations on the name bulrush, even though they are neither grasses nor rushes. After more than an hour, we reached the Beaver Dam, as the wetland is known by the locals. Miller called our attention to another grass, Calamagrostis canadensis, or Canada bluejoint, a denizen of bogs and swamps, as some of us deftly moved from sphagnum hummock to sphagnum hummock over the former impoundment and tried to avoid the places where kneedeep water flowed swiftly. One elderly man, in an attempt to catch a praying mantis, fell into the water. “Bob’s down,” son Dave said. “Are you okay?” As if in answer, he scrambled to his feet and showed us the mantis he held between forefinger and thumb. This was, after all, a group of amateur naturalists interested in every aspect of the natural world. Next, a younger woman plunged in up to her knees and emerged muddy but cheerful. After that, we were even more careful. Then Miller showed us another grass. “It’s a Panicum,” she said. “What is the species?” I asked. “I have no idea. I have trouble with Panicum,” she answered. With that honest reply from an expert, I felt better about procrastinating in my attempts to learn all the grasses, sedges and rushes even on our GAME NEWS

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009

Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009
Life &Times of the Whitetail
Contents
Bald Eagles along the Susquehanna
A Price to Pay
In Broad Daylight
Pennsylvania Elk With a Flintlock
Allan and Granddad’s .44-40 Colt Lightning
The History of State Game Lands Acquisition
The Year that Changed My Life
Where’s The Gun?
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Life &Times of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Bald Eagles along the Susquehanna
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - A Price to Pay
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - In Broad Daylight
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Pennsylvania Elk With a Flintlock
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Allan and Granddad’s .44-40 Colt Lightning
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - The History of State Game Lands Acquisition
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - The Year that Changed My Life
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Where’s The Gun?
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2009 - Cover4
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