Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 1

Is there a doctor in the house? iruses, bacteria, and parasites — each can cause illness or even death to a white-tailed deer. Entire books are written on the topic. But there are no doctors in the forest. Luckily, 99 percent of the time, deer are healthy. Usually, only when deer are stressed and their immune systems are compromised do they become susceptible to an endless list of unpronounceable pathogens. Hemorrhagic disease is caused by the epizootic hemorrhagic disease and bluetongue viruses. The first documented outbreak was in 1955 in New Jersey. In its acute form, it causes sudden loss of appetite, disorientation, weakness, respiratory distress and rapid death. Die-offs occur suddenly and almost exclusively in late summer and early fall and coincide with peak populations of insects called midges or “nosee-ums,” which transmit the disease. It is common in southeastern states though outbreaks have been documented outside of this range including in Pennsylvania. Many infected deer live and show only mild signs of disease or no signs at all. Even if a forest emergency room ex- V isted, this deer disease is untreatable. Another virus causes cutaneous fibromas — hairless tumors found on the skin. They can be found on any part of the deer’s skin and vary in size from ¼-inch to more than 8 inches in diameter. Most fibromas are black or gray in color, and they can be smooth or warty. Deer with cutaneous fibromas won’t win any beauty contests, but the growths are often temporary and usually harmless. Bacteria don’t get as many headlines as viruses. Anthrax is an often-fatal disease caused by the anthrax bacterium, which can remain in the soil for years. While this is a frightening thought, only a few outbreaks have been reported. Brain abscesses are also the result of bacteria. A number of bacteria can be responsible for infections that cause neurological problems like circling, lack of coordination and other abnormal behaviors. Sparring and rubbing puts bucks at a higher risk of developing brain abscesses than does. As for hitchhiking parasites, liver flukes, nasal bots, louse flies, a variety of worms, and more than 20 species of ticks can call a deer home. Deer tolerate them all without much fuss. By J. T. Fleegle PGC Wildlife Biologist AUGUST 2008 1

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009
Contents
10 to 1— The Keystone Countdown
Where the Buffalo Roamed
The Smile Tells the Tale
Friends & Flat Tails
Opening Days Gone By
Ned Smith: Mentor, Hero, Turkey Hunter
Even in August
Man’s Best Friend?
Once Bitten, Twice Shy
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 10 to 1— The Keystone Countdown
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Where the Buffalo Roamed
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - The Smile Tells the Tale
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Friends & Flat Tails
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Opening Days Gone By
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Ned Smith: Mentor, Hero, Turkey Hunter
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Even in August
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Man’s Best Friend?
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Once Bitten, Twice Shy
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover4
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