Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 10

Where the Buffalo Roamed By Wes Bower artwork by doug pifer T HE BUFFALO, unlike few other mammals, is an important part of our country’s history. The term “buffalo” is actually a misnomer; the critter should be more correctly referred to as the American bison. This wild bovine was an important part of Native American cultures, with legends being passed down for many centuries. The buffalo was also eulogized in Native American and early American music and dance. Anecdotes of buffalo encounters “spun” by the mountain men captured the imagination of the early day settler, and only added to the mystique of this oversized animal. While the bald eagle serves as our nation’s symbol, some American historians would suggest that if the U.S. Congress would ever see fit to designate a national mammal, the buffalo should be given serious consideration. Few will dispute that the buffalo, along with the beaver, had more to do with the settling of the West than any other species of wildlife. Nevertheless, the buffalo has gained much recognition in our American culture. It is a popular symbol in the Great Plains states. Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming have adopted the animal as their official state mammal. In Canada, the bison is depicted on the official seal of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The buffalo nickel was produced 10 from 1913 to 1938, and in 2005 the United States Mint coined a nickel with a buffalo depicted. In 2006, the U.S. Mint came out with a 1-ounce gold buffalo coin. The Kansas and North Dakota state quarters, part of the 50-state quarters series, feature a buffalo. How did the American bison originally find its way to North America? Anthropologists tell us that, like many wild animals, these wild cow-like animals crossed the Bering land bridge from Asia. This migration took place more than 10,000 years ago and replaced a previous migrant that was much larger — the mammoth. The bison found the Western plains to their liking and their populations prospered. The many wild fires that swept over the prairies maintained the ideal habitat. These beasts roamed the plains in such large numbers that over a long period of time, there was a natural eastward movement. Eventually, there became two recognized sub-species of the American bison. In addition to the plains bison, a subspecies known as the wood bison evolved. In addition to a separate geographic area, the wood bison differed from the plains bison in that they were heavier, with some males weighing as much as 2,000 pounds. The highest point of the plains bison was on the hump directly above the legs on the back, while the woods bison’s hump was forward of the front legs. Animals of habit, the bison’s annual GAME NEWS

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009
Contents
10 to 1— The Keystone Countdown
Where the Buffalo Roamed
The Smile Tells the Tale
Friends & Flat Tails
Opening Days Gone By
Ned Smith: Mentor, Hero, Turkey Hunter
Even in August
Man’s Best Friend?
Once Bitten, Twice Shy
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 10 to 1— The Keystone Countdown
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Where the Buffalo Roamed
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - The Smile Tells the Tale
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Friends & Flat Tails
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Opening Days Gone By
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Ned Smith: Mentor, Hero, Turkey Hunter
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Even in August
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Man’s Best Friend?
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Once Bitten, Twice Shy
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2009 - Cover4
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