Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 59

wanted grasses and weeds. However, Agent Orange it is not. When Roundup is sprayed on plant foliage, it is absorbed by the plant and then moved throughout the plant’s tissues. Once it is absorbed, Glyphosate (the active ingredient in Roundup) prevents the plant from manufacturing certain aromatic amino acids essential for plant growth and life. Glyphosate interrupts the metabolic process in plants, so its effect may not be visible for about four days in annual plants and up to seven days in perennial plants. After application of the herbicide, the plants wilt, turn yellow, and then brown as the plant tissue deteriorates. At the same time, Glyphosate decomposes the plant’s underground roots and rhizomes. Ultimately, the entire plant dies and is incapable of regenerating, providing the added benefit of enriching the soil as it decomposes. Tests have shown that Roundup, when used according to label directions, has no weed killing activity once it comes in contact with the soil. Users can take comfort in knowing Glyphosate will not move in or on the soil to affect non-target vegetation, and it does not move through the soil to enter other non-target plants by the root system. Glyphosate is only effective when it comes into contact with the green, growing parts of plants. About a week to ten days after applying the herbicide, Ryan said the area should be power raked to rid the defoliated area of the remaining dead plant matter. Ryan stated plants grow best where the soil has a neutral or near neutral acidity, and the only way to tell is by testing a soil sample. According to Ryan, most soils in a whitetail’s range are acidic in nature, which means plant growth won’t be maximized and the nutritional value of the crop will be less than what it could be. In addition, the effect of any fertilizer applied to the soil will be minimized if the soil pH is too low. “Before doing anything else, you must first determine the pH of the soil,” Ryan said.
FEBRUARY 2011

Chemists define “pH” as the measure of hydrogen ion concentration in a substance, and the lower the pH, the more acidic a substance is. A neutral substance like water is pH 7and anything below pH 7 is acidic. “Soils with pH between 6 and 7 are considered suitable for planting, but soils deemed too acidic must be brought up to these values or “sweetened” by applying the appropriate amount of lime,” said Ryan. It should be noted that pH is a logarithmic scale, and a change in one unit say, from pH 5 to pH 6, represents a tenfold change in the soil’s acid or basic quality, while a change from pH 4 to pH 6 represents a hundred fold change. Ryan explained that if the soil is too acidic, plants can’t absorb the nutrients in the soil because phosphorus, potassium and calcium can’t bond to the soil’s acidic elements, which makes them unavailable to the plants. This, in turn, means fertilizer and money will be wasted. A dairy farmer we know offered the following advice about applying lime to the soil. “Lime when you know it’s going to rain,” he advised. “Lime does the most good when it is tilled into the soil and soil moisture helps to maximize its effect” he continued. Most county Cooperative Extension Offices around the state will do a soil sample analysis for a modest fee and will provide a report detailing how much lime must be applied to get the soil within acceptable limits. To find the closest County Extension Office in any part of the country go to www.csrees.usda.gov. and look up “Local Extension Offices” on the right side bar. For those wishing to do their own soil testing, Antler King Trophy Products Inc. in Black River Falls, Wisconsin (888- 2685371) offers an economical and easy to use soil test kit. Each kit allows a seed plot developer to perform four separate pH tests. Each test takes 20 minutes to perform and it is extremely accurate. With this soil test kit, there is no need to send in soil samples
59


http://www.csrees.usda.gov

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Keeper of the Game in Potter County
Like Father, Like Son
Saying Goodbye
Killing and Betrayal on South Mountain
Memories of a Beech
Junior Varsity Geezers
Knives
The Trapdoor Springfield
Hunting “Horns”
Filer Road Incident
WCO David L. Grove Laid to Rest
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Keeper of the Game in Potter County
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Like Father, Like Son
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Saying Goodbye
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Killing and Betrayal on South Mountain
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Memories of a Beech
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Junior Varsity Geezers
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Knives
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - The Trapdoor Springfield
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Hunting “Horns”
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Filer Road Incident
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - WCO David L. Grove Laid to Rest
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Insert1
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Insert2
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1516
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1415
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com