Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 64

Lock, Stock & Barrel The Shooters’ Corner
By Jim Romanelli By Don Lewis

Vanished Mammals
ECENTLY SCIENTISTS in the upper Midwest analyzed a fossilized jawbone from a giant beaver, which had been found in southern Wisconsin. Carbon dating showed that the beaver lived approximately 14,500 years ago. It was twice the size of the beavers that now inhabit North America. Fossils of pollen and plants, discovered nearby, showed that the environment had been cold and marshy, with few trees. The giant beaver probably ate mainly aquatic plants — like a miniature hippopotamus, the scientists suggested. The Pleistocene Epoch — it began a million and a half years ago and lasted until 10 millennia in the past, when the so-called ice ages ended — is sometimes called the Age of Mammals. The variety of mammalian species living at that time is staggering. In North America alone were all the mammals we have today, plus various sorts of wild horses, asses, zebras, ground sloths, tapirs, llamas, capybaras and camels. During the Pleistocene, today’s gray wolf abounded, as did the larger and more formidable dire wolf. Several species of dogs and hyenas occupied parts of North America. So did our present-day wolverine, along with an even bigger and probably equally truculent variety known as “the voracious flesh-eater.” The short-faced bear dominated two lesser species, the grizzly and black bear. Pleistocene cats ranged from smallish ones, like the bobcat, up to great predators larger than today’s lions and tigers. There were saber-toothed lions, scimitar cats (they likely preyed on mastodon calves), and an American lion that was half again as big as the modern African kind. All of them, right here in North America. There were five kinds of elephants. According to a publication of the state museum of Pennsylvania, the remains of mammoths and mastodons have turned up in 26 counties in the Keystone State. Do you know the pawpaw, a tree found in southern Pennsylvania? It likely evolved its dangling, fleshy fruit with large seeds to be eaten and then spread across the landscape by feeding pachyderms. Some evolutionary biologists believe that the dense thorns of hawthorns were a defense against massive browsing creatures eating the plants’ foliage. The Age of Mammals came to an end around 10,000 years ago, with the great Pleistocene extinction, when three-quarters of the world’s large mammals died out. Scientists suspect that those megafauna were unable to adapt to rapid changes in the earth’s climate. The rise of human hunters may have played a role. Ten thousand years ago. Not such a long time, at all.
64 GAME NEWS

R



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Keeper of the Game in Potter County
Like Father, Like Son
Saying Goodbye
Killing and Betrayal on South Mountain
Memories of a Beech
Junior Varsity Geezers
Knives
The Trapdoor Springfield
Hunting “Horns”
Filer Road Incident
WCO David L. Grove Laid to Rest
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Keeper of the Game in Potter County
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Like Father, Like Son
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Saying Goodbye
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Killing and Betrayal on South Mountain
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Memories of a Beech
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Junior Varsity Geezers
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Knives
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - The Trapdoor Springfield
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Hunting “Horns”
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Filer Road Incident
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - WCO David L. Grove Laid to Rest
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Insert1
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Insert2
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - Feburary 2011 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1516
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1415
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com