Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 51

property and, according to one range map I looked at, we are at its northern edge. It is much more common farther south and west. Also called yellow ironweed because, like ironweed, it is tall, likes moist conditions and has similar lance-shaped leaves, but wingstem leaves are alternate, hence its species name alternifolia, meaning alternate leaf. Because the leaves are bitter-tasting, herbivores such as deer and rabbits usually don’t eat them. That may be why wingstem lines West Virginia country roads during August, as we discovered the same August wingstem showed up on our property for the first time. At the top of its stem are sprays of golden flowers. Each flower has two to 10 yellow ray florets that droop down and surround prominent and numerous greenish-yellow disk florets, visited mostly by long-tongued bees, especially bumblebees. Caterpillars of silvery checkerspot butterflies relish the bitter foliage. While I always know where to find wingstem, nodding lady’s-tresses move around like other members of the orchid family. I first discovered 15 plants years ago at the edge of Far Field, but then the deer found them. By the time we fenced them, only a few remained. The following year I discovered a few farther out in the field and none inside the fence. Then two years ago one appeared inside the fence. In the meantime, I literally stumbled on a small patch at the base of the spruce grove in First Field. That patch, too, has moved around, and last September I found only one plant. Nodding lady’s-tresses (Spiranthes cernua) are not showy flowers. As many as 60 small, bell-shaped, white flowers grow on a hairy spike in two to three tightly twisted spirals above grass-like leaves at its base. An early successional species, it prefers disturbed areas that are open, wet to
SEPTEMBER 2011

dry and often sandy. Its species name means “nodding,” which refers to its slightly nodding flowers. Lady’s-tresses was so-named because the stalk of flowers reminded earlier observers of a woman’s braided hair. Altogether there are 32 species in the genus Spiranthes. Nodding lady’s-tresses grow in most of eastern and midwestern United States and Canada, except for Florida, Newfoundland and Labrador. I say goodbye to many other wildflowers, too, including the aptly named turtlehead, as I pointed out to Elanor during a stream walk, ranks of lemonscented horse balm, white wood asters, and even pearly everlasting, which does not quite live up to its name, although it does make a nice addition to a dried winter bouquet. During September I also spend many hours at the top of First Field, sitting on Alan’s Bench and watching migrating monarch butterflies. One morning I was there by 9 o’clock. Fog filled the valleys, but sun illuminated our 37 acres of goldenrod and asters. The first monarch sailed high overhead in the morning breeze, the second swooped low over the field and the third fluttered across the trail. Then a fourth did what they all do eventually; it flew straight up from the goldenrod, over the bench and spruce grove, and on down the ridge heading south. First Field is

51



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Triple Trophy — Thrice
National Archery in the Schools Program
One More Squirrel Hunt with Dad
Harvey Roberts
Pennsylvania’s Hunter Access Program
State Game Lands 93
Right Violators, Wrong Deer
A Shot in the Pines
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist's Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Triple Trophy — Thrice
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - National Archery in the Schools Program
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - One More Squirrel Hunt with Dad
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Harvey Roberts
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Pennsylvania’s Hunter Access Program
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - State Game Lands 93
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Right Violators, Wrong Deer
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - A Shot in the Pines
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - The Naturalist's Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - I1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - I2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover4
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