Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 52

butterfly central. One warm, breezy day, in addition to monarchs, pearl crescents, orange sulphurs, cabbage whites, summer azures, meadow fritillaries and my favorites, the tropicallooking tiger swallowtails, nectared on the bonanza of asters and goldenrods. Monarchs fluttered up from the field, some almost too high to see, coursed back and forth for a few seconds as if trying to catch a wave, and then sailed over the spruce grove. On that day I did not see the dozens and dozens of monarchs that our son, Dave, had reported previously. But I was pleased that they seemed to be recovering from their disastrous all-time low in 2009-10, when the area of Mexico where eastern North American monarchs spend their winters, reported the lowest numbers ever, according to Lincoln Brower, who has been studying monarchs for decades. Not only are monarchs threatened by illegal logging in their Mexican wintering habitat, but by land development and herbicide use where they
52

breed in the summer. Dr. Brower wonders if the monarchs’ migratory phenomenon will survive. But Mexican poet and novelist Homero Aridjis, who led the effort to persuade Mexico’s president to create the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve that hosts most of the monarchs from the United States and Canada east of the Rockies, is determined that it will survive, calling it the “environmental cause of my life.” He remembers as a boy climbing up into the hills of his native Michoacan state and seeing the monarchs “explode from the tree branches when the sun hit them.” And I remember not so long ago, seeing a few of the deciduous trees on Sapsucker Ridge fluttering with monarchs on a windy September day. Almost everyone can appreciate the beauty and grace of butterflies and the showier moths, but they aren’t as fond of the caterpillars from which they develop. One September afternoon, as I crossed First Field, I noticed an incredible infestation of caterpillars on one of our largest catalpa trees. The caterpillars were black with yellow bellies and a thin yellow stripe on their sides. A long, straight, black horn projected from its rear. Nothing was left of the tree leaves but stems. Catalpa sphinx moth caterpillars (Ceratomia catalpae) had caused the defoliation. A member of the Sphingidae family, they are known collectively as hornworms because most have a horn, eyespot or hardened button at A8 — or abdominal segment 8 (out of 10) in entomological terms. They metamorphose into undistinguishable brownish gray moths, although some sphinx or hawk moths, as they are also called, are more attractive, such as the Abbot’s and Nessus sphinx moths that nectar on our lilacs in spring and the dayflying hummingbird clearwings that hover like hummingbirds to drink flower nectar from a variety of plants. But the caterpillars of the catalpa sphinx moth feed only on catalpa leaves. As a
GAME NEWS



Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Triple Trophy — Thrice
National Archery in the Schools Program
One More Squirrel Hunt with Dad
Harvey Roberts
Pennsylvania’s Hunter Access Program
State Game Lands 93
Right Violators, Wrong Deer
A Shot in the Pines
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist's Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Triple Trophy — Thrice
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - National Archery in the Schools Program
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - One More Squirrel Hunt with Dad
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Harvey Roberts
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Pennsylvania’s Hunter Access Program
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - State Game Lands 93
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Right Violators, Wrong Deer
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - A Shot in the Pines
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - The Naturalist's Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - I1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - I2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2011 - Cover4
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