Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 54

or squirrel nests, too. They will even nest in nest boxes on occasion, such as the barred owl that nested in a box in Loyalville, Luzerne County, McWilliams and Brauning report. Even though they sometimes reuse the same nest for as long as 10 years, they have been known to alternate occupancy one year, or several years, with red-shouldered, red-tailed and Cooper’s hawks, and great horned owls in so-called “partnership” nests. Barred owls also like to inhabit a forest with an open understory, because it makes hunting easier for them. In addition, the closed canopy of an old-growth forest provides more regulated temperatures, as well as protection from excessive mobbing by small birds. But often they remain attached to an area even as it changes around them, for instance, even staying in a woods while it’s being logged. If there is enough food, both the larger female and the male of a pair will inhabit their 695-acre or more territory all year. They are presumed to be monogamous, and even though they call throughout the year, they call more frequently prior to egg-laying in late winter

and early spring. That’s when you are most likely to hear dueting between a pair lasting two minutes and consisting not only of their familiar hooting but “loud and prolonged outbursts of cackling, laughing and whooping sounds delivered very rapidly and interspersed, as well as ending, with the familiar ho-hoo-ah,” Massachusetts ornithologist William Brewster once wrote, adding a reference to “a prolonged and cat-like scream.” It’s enough to frighten naïve campers into thinking a mountain lion is nearby. Regarding their courtship rites, Edward Forbush, writing in Birds of Massachusetts and Other New England States, recounts how a pair of barred owls perched in low branches over his campfire and “nodded and bowed with half-spread wings, and wobbled and twisted their heads from side to side, meantime uttering the most weird and uncouth sounds imaginable.” The female barred owl lays two to three white eggs as early as December in Florida and March and early April in Pennsylvania. She also incubates the eggs from 28 to 33 days, while the male brings her food. After the eggs hatch, the female broods the altricial young for two weeks and the male delivers the food at the nest in a bill-to-bill exchange with the female. Then she tears up the food and feeds it to their nestlings. She also does a little hunting on her own, but after two weeks of brooding, she does a lot more hunting. Both parents then drop food into the nest and the nestlings are able to eat it by themselves. When the nestlings are between four and five weeks old, they leave the nest but they can’t fly. They either perch on the nest rim or they climb trees or branches by using their beaks and talons, grasping the bark in their beaks and walking their feet up the trunk while flapping their wings. At 10 weeks of age they can make short flights, and gradually lengthen those flights. The fledglings stay together and near the nest site for a while, and the adults continue to feed them. That’s when Tom
GAME NEWS

54



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011
History of the Whitetail
Contents
Beagles, Brushpiles and Growing Up
Public Input and Deer Management
Doodles Along the Delaware
Driving
Room 204
2010-11 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
Need a Life Jacket?
The Legacy From A to Z
Hunter Access Liability Protection
Thanksgiving Bear
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - History of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Beagles, Brushpiles and Growing Up
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Public Input and Deer Management
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Doodles Along the Delaware
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Driving
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Room 204
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 2010-11 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Need a Life Jacket?
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - The Legacy From A to Z
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Hunter Access Liability Protection
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Thanksgiving Bear
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - bb1
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - bb2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2011 - Cover4
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