Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 4

bear hunters to measure opinions about different aspects of bear management and to determine participation levels in the current bear seasons, and 2,687 surveys were ultimately returned. Seventy-one percent of respondents were satisfied with current management of bears, 19 percent were neutral and 11 percent were dissatisfied. Seventy-six percent of hunters who purchase a bear license hunt for bears almost every year. Several changes to the bear hunting season were implemented in 2010-11 2010: the archery season was opened statewide and lengthened by three days; opening day of the general season was moved to Saturday; and the extended season was closed. A record 161,119 bear hunting licenses were sold during 2010 that resulted in 3,090 bears harvested; 269 during the archery season; and 2,821 in the statewide 3-day season. The 2010 harvest ranked fifth among annual bear harvests. The average age of a harvested bear was 2.2 years for males and 3.4 years for females. Data were available to estimate bear abundance in 11 WMUs; WMUs 2C, 2F, 2G, 3A, 3C, 3D, 4A, and 4B have slightly increasing trends in their bear populations, whereas 2D, 2E, 4C, 4D and 4E have primarily stable bear populations. Cub production and survival was monitored by visiting the dens of 54 radio-collared bears during February and March. In all, 53 adults, 77 cubs and 21 yearlings were tagged in 11 counties. Average number of cubs per litter was 3.1, and included 2 litters with 1 cub each, 2 with 2-cub litters, 13 with 3-cub litters, and 8 with 4-cub litters. Sex ratio of cubs was 62 percent males. There were 1,140 entries in the statewide human-bear conflict database during 2010. Conservation officers relocated 310 bears, and there were 34 bear damage claims totaling $9,932 approved for payment. Twenty-seven bears were euthanized because of crop damage or repeated nuisance behavior. A study investigating the movements, home range and habitat use of bears living in suburban environments was initiated in the spring of 2010. Radio collaring of bears in and around Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, State College and Johnstown resumed in April 2011 as part of the ongoing Urban Bear Study. Twenty one bears were collared this year, and 35 are now fitted with collars as the fiscal year concluded. Twenty seven additional bears had also been collared, mostly last summer, but have since died or slipped off their collar. Trapping is anticipated to continue until all 50 collars are deployed. Fall turkey hunting season length continues to be our primary means of managing turkey populations; season lengths vary from a closed season to three weeks, depending on WMU. The Board of Commissioners approved significant changes to fall 2010 turkey hunting seasons. Fall seasons in WMUs 5C and 5D (previously four days in length) were closed to reverse current downward population trends. In WMU 5A, after seven years of a closed fall season, the Board approved a conservative 3-day (Tuesday-Thursday) hunt, because the population has stabilized at a level sufficient to support harvest. To separate part of the turkey and archery deer seasons, and avoid a conflict with a change in the bear season, the Board approved fall seasons in most other WMUs that opened later than in previous years and ended the Friday before Thanksgiving (the day prior to the new opening day of bear season). However, due to this reduction in season length and in an effort to reverse the trend of declining fall turkey hunting participation, the Board also approved an additional 3-day season on Thanksgiving Day and the two days following for all WMUs except 5A, 5B, 5C and 5D. The fall 2010 harvest was 15,884, 24 percent lower than the 2009 harvest, and 33 percent below the previous 3-year average. Harvest density (0.31 turkeys harvested per square mile) was 42 percent below the previous 3-year average (0.53 turkeys/mi2),
4	 GAME	 NEWS



Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012

Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 1
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 7
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 11
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 14
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 21
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 28
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 37
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 50
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Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - Cover4
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